OBJECTIVES: This study sought to define the relative prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) variables in heart failure (HF) patients with preserved versus reduced systolic function. BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing has an established role in the assessment of patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). Two variables, peak Vo2 and, more recently, the Ve/Vco2 slope, have been shown to be extremely valuable in risk stratification. However, data are lacking in terms of the prognostic value of CPET in patients with diastolic heart failure (DHF). METHODS: A total of 409 HF patients underwent CPET. Patients were divided into three groups according to the following left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) cutoffs: <40%, <45%, and <50%. The CPET response and the ability of peak Vo 2 and the Ve/Vco2 slope to predict total mortality and hospitalization were examined. RESULTS: At univariate Cox regression analysis, both the peak Vo2 and the Ve/Vco2 slope were significant predictors in SHF and DHF. Multivariate analysis documented a similar prognostic power of Ve/Vco2 slope and peak Vo2 in all SHF groups. Conversely, in DHF patients, Ve/Vco2 slope outnumbered peak Vo 2, remaining the only predictor regardless of LVEF. In DHF, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the Ve/Vco 2slope identified a cutoff of 32.6 (74% sensitivity, 52% specificity), 33.1 (76% sensitivity, 62% specificity), and 33.3 (97% sensitivity, 40% specificity) for an LVEF cutoff of <40%, <45%, and <50%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These results extend the clinical and prognostic applicability of CPET to DHF. An impairment in exercise ventilation rather than peak Vo2 holds clinical and prognostic impact in this increasing subset of patients. (copyright) 2005 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
|Titolo:||Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the clinical and prognostic assessment of diastolic heart failure|
|Autori interni:||GUAZZI, MARCO (Primo)|
|Parole Chiave:||adult; aged; article; carbon dioxide tension; cardiopulmonary exercise testing; cardiovascular risk; clinical examination; clinical trial; controlled study; diagnostic value; diastolic blood pressure; diastolic heart failure; exercise test; female; functional assessment; heart failure; heart left ventricle ejection fraction; hospitalization; human; major clinical study; male; mortality; multicenter study; multivariate analysis; oxygen tension; prediction; priority journal; prognosis; receiver operating characteristic; regression analysis; risk assessment; sensitivity and specificity; statistical significance; systolic blood pressure; systolic heart failure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jacc.2005.07.051|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|