For a dynamical system far from equilibrium, one has to deal with empirical probabilities defined through time--averages, and the main problem is then how to formulate an appropriate statistical thermodynamics. The common answer is that the standard functional expression of Boltzmann-Gibbs for the entropy should be used, the empirical probabilities being substituted for the Gibbs measure. Other functional expressions have been suggested, but apparently with no clear mechanical foundation. Here it is shown how a natural extension of the original procedure employed by Gibbs and Khinchin in defining entropy, with the only proviso of using the empirical probabilities, leads for the entropy to a functional expression which is in general different from that of Boltzmann--Gibbs. In particular, the Gibbs entropy is recovered for empirical probabilities of Poisson type, while the Tsallis entropies are recovered for a deformation of the Poisson distribution.
|Titolo:||Thermodynamics and time averages|
CARATI, ANDREA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Non-equilibrium thermodynamics; Time-averages; Tsallis distributions|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.physa.2004.10.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|