KAAT1 is a neutral amino acid transporter activated by K+ or by Na+ (9). The protein shows significant homology with members of the Na+/Cl--dependent neurotransmitter transporter super family. E59G KAAT1, expressed in Xenopus oocytes, exhibited a reduced leucine uptake [20-30% of wild-type (WT)], and kinetic analysis indicated that the loss of activity was due to reduction of Vmax and apparent affinity for substrates. Electrophysiological analysis revealed that E59G KAAT1 has presteady-state and uncoupled currents larger than WT but no leucine-induced currents. Site-directed mutagenesis analysis showed the requirement of a negative charge in position 59 of KAAT1. The analysis of permeant and impermeant methanethiosulfonate reagent effects confirmed the intracellular localization of glutamate 59. Because the 2-aminoethyl methanethiosulfonate hydrobromid inhibition was not prevented by the presence of Na+ or leucine, we concluded that E59 is not directly involved in the binding of substrates. N-ethylmaleimide inhibition was qualitatively and quantitatively different in the two transporters, WT and E59G KAAT1, having the same cysteine residues. This indicates an altered accessibility of native cysteine residues due to a modified spatial organization of E59G KAAT1. The arginine modifier phenylglyoxal effect supports this hypothesis: not only cysteine but also arginine residues become more accessible to the modifying reagents in the mutant E59G. In conclusion, the results presented indicate that glutamate 59 plays a critical role in the three-dimensional organization of KAAT1.

Glutamate 59 is critical for transport function of the amino acid cotransporter KAAT1 / V.F. Sacchi, M. Castagna, S.A. Mari, C. Perego, E. Bossi, A. Peres. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. CELL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0363-6143. - 285:3(2003), pp. C623-C632.

Glutamate 59 is critical for transport function of the amino acid cotransporter KAAT1

V.F. Sacchi
Primo
;
M. Castagna
Secondo
;
C. Perego;
2003

Abstract

KAAT1 is a neutral amino acid transporter activated by K+ or by Na+ (9). The protein shows significant homology with members of the Na+/Cl--dependent neurotransmitter transporter super family. E59G KAAT1, expressed in Xenopus oocytes, exhibited a reduced leucine uptake [20-30% of wild-type (WT)], and kinetic analysis indicated that the loss of activity was due to reduction of Vmax and apparent affinity for substrates. Electrophysiological analysis revealed that E59G KAAT1 has presteady-state and uncoupled currents larger than WT but no leucine-induced currents. Site-directed mutagenesis analysis showed the requirement of a negative charge in position 59 of KAAT1. The analysis of permeant and impermeant methanethiosulfonate reagent effects confirmed the intracellular localization of glutamate 59. Because the 2-aminoethyl methanethiosulfonate hydrobromid inhibition was not prevented by the presence of Na+ or leucine, we concluded that E59 is not directly involved in the binding of substrates. N-ethylmaleimide inhibition was qualitatively and quantitatively different in the two transporters, WT and E59G KAAT1, having the same cysteine residues. This indicates an altered accessibility of native cysteine residues due to a modified spatial organization of E59G KAAT1. The arginine modifier phenylglyoxal effect supports this hypothesis: not only cysteine but also arginine residues become more accessible to the modifying reagents in the mutant E59G. In conclusion, the results presented indicate that glutamate 59 plays a critical role in the three-dimensional organization of KAAT1.
Amino acid modifiers; Amino acid transport; Function; Manduca sexta; Structure
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/11894
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact