Background Pleomorphic carcinoma is a rare epithelial malignant tumor. Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma was introduced by the 1999 World Health Organization classification as a new peculiar type of lung carcinoma showing concurrent malignant epithelial and sarcomatoid spindle cell elements. Few reports describe its clinical behavior. My colleagues and I report a series of patients surgically treated for pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma to describe our experience with this malignant neoplasm. Methods Twenty cases of pleomorphic pulmonary carcinoma were collected and studied clinicopathologically. All patients underwent surgical resection. The cases were as follows: 6 stage I, 12 stage II, and 2 stage IIIA. Histologic diagnosis was established by using light microscopic examination and immunohistochemistry. Survival rates were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results We postoperatively diagnosed 20 cases of pleomorphic carcinoma: 14 cases were exclusively spindle and giant-cell carcinomas, 2 cases were spindle and giant-cell carcinoma combined with adenocarcinoma, 2 were combined with squamous cell carcinoma, and 2 were combined with large cell carcinoma. At last follow-up, 4 patients were still alive; they were postoperative T1 N0 and T2 N0. The remaining 16 patients died from early distant metastases. The median duration of disease-free survival was 5 months. The median duration of overall survival was 8 months. Conclusions The prognosis of patients with pleomorphic carcinoma was poor, despite surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, because of early relapse of disease. Nodal involvement was a determinant prognostic variable, because advanced stages were related to worse prognosis. In case of preoperatively proven pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma, surgery should be recommended to N0 patients. (copyright) 2004 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
|Titolo:||Personal experience in surgical management of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma|
|Autori interni:||MEZZETTI, MAURIZIO (Penultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Kaplan Meier method; adult; article; cancer diagnosis; cancer staging; cancer surgery; cancer survival; clinical article; controlled study; disease severity; experience; female; follow up; giant cell carcinoma; histopathology; human cell; human tissue; human; immunohistochemistry; large cell carcinoma; lung adenocarcinoma; lung carcinoma; lung non small cell cancer; lung squamous cell carcinoma; male; metastasis; postoperative period; priority journal; prognosis; pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma; spindle cell carcinoma; survival rate; survival time|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|