Many of the patients who respond better to clozapine (CLZ) than to typical antipsychotics still have residual psychopathology, but CLZ drug resistance data are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible predictive factors of a clinical response to CLZ in a group of 20 schizophrenic patients (DSM-IV: 13 males and 7 females with a mean age of 35.5 years +/- 7.1 SD) resistant to typical antipsychotics but CLZ responders as assessed by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) (>20% improvement). After a 1-week washout period, CLZ was started at a dose of 25 mg/d, which was increased by the third week up to a maximum of 600 mg/d (mean 365.00 +/- 129.88 mg/d SD) and remained unchanged until the end of the study (week 8).The patients showed a significant improvement in the mean scores of the rating scales for positive (SAPS) and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms, SANS) (P < 0.003, P < 0.02). All of the patients included in the study were BPRS responders; 65% were also SAPS and 75% SANS responders (>20% improvement). The improvement in the SANS score was significantly greater among the female patients (P < 0.05). The SAPS and SANS responders had a significantly higher mean metabolic ratio [MR = (NCLZ/CLZ)] than the nonresponders (P < 0.01), and the percentage of improvement significantly correlated with the increase in MR. This finding suggests that the individual pharmacogenetics indicated by metabolic capacity may be related to clinical response. All of the patients showed a reduction in white blood cell counts, but this was significantly less in the SANS responders than the SANS nonresponders (P = 0.047). The SAPS responders had significantly lower neutrophil counts than the nonresponders (P = 0.03). Our results seem to suggest the importance of pharmacodynamic, constitutional, and genetic data over strict pharmacokinetics in determining the clinical response to CLZ.
|Titolo:||Predictors of clinical outcome in schizophrenic patients responding to clozapine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/01.jcp.0000095351.32154.3a|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|