1. Prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1), alprostadil) is used as a vasodilator for the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. 2. Previous reports suggested a pro-angiogenic effect for PGE(1). 3. We studied the in vitro and in vivo effect of PGE(1), complexed with alpha-cyclodextrin, on the angiogenic process. Contrary to what was expected, we found that, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), PGE(1) inhibited proliferation, migration and capillary-like structure formation in Matrigel. 4. By RT-PCR studies, the expression of the EP(2) and EP(3) subtypes of the PG receptor was detected in HUVECs. 5. PGE(1) alone stimulated adenylate cyclase activity at micromolar concentrations, while at nanomolar concentrations potentiated the forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation. 6. 8-Bromoadenosine-3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (Br-cAMP) mimicked the inhibitory effect of PGE(1) on endothelial cell growth, motility and tube formation. 7. Sulprostone, an agonist at the EP(3) subtype of PG receptors, mimicked the in vitro anti-angiogenic effects of PGE(1), while butaprost, an EP(2) receptor agonist, had no effect. 8. Finally, in the plug assay model of angiogenesis in mice, PGE(1) showed a strong inhibitory effect on Matrigel neovascularization. 9. Thus, PGE(1) possesses strong anti-angiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo.
Alprostadil suppresses angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo in the murine Matrigel plug assay / M.G. Cattaneo, S. Pola, V. Dehò, A.M. Sanguini, L.M. Vicentini. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 138:2(2003 Jan), pp. 377-385.
|Titolo:||Alprostadil suppresses angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo in the murine Matrigel plug assay|
CATTANEO, MARIA GRAZIA (Primo)
VICENTINI, LUCIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Prostaglandins, angiogenesis, human endothelial cells, cell signalling, in vivo neovascularization, Matrigel|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0705051|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|