The proteasome inhibitor PSI is potently cytotoxic in vitro against human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and acute myeloid leukemias (AML). Here, we have tested proteasome inhibitor I (PSI) in a panel of 11 human multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and found that it has antiproliferative activity, with an IC 50 between 4.5 and 557nM at 48h. PSI potentiated the toxicity of a number of chemotherapeutic agents in myeloid leukemia but not in MM cell lines, while in combination with therapeutic proteasome inhibitor PS-341 (Bortezomib) it had a synergistic effect. PSI suppressed the growth of AML cell lines more effectively than PS-341. CFU-GM colony assays revealed that CD34 + bone marrow progenitors from CML and AML patients were more sensitive to PSI than those from normal subjects (IC 50: 5, 15 and 50nM for AML, CML and normal, respectively). Moreover, the growth of normal primitive progenitors (LTC-IC) was unaffected by 15nM PSI (P =0.576). PSI-induced cell death required RNA transcription and protein synthesis, but not DNA replication, was accompanied by the upregulation of Bcl-2 and modest reduction of Bax and Bcl-X L proteins, and involved the activation of caspases 2, 3, 7 and 8. These findings lend additional support to preclinical investigations with PSI.
|Titolo:||Sensitivity of human multiple myelomas and myeloid leukemias to the proteasome inhibitor I.|
|Autori interni:||SOLIGO, DAVIDE (Secondo)|
LAMBERTENGHI DELILIERS, GIORGIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||CD34 + ; Hematopoitic progenitors; Multiple myeloma; Myeloid leukemia; Proteasome inhibitor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|