Polyamino acids, such as polyleucine, behave as synthetic enzymes in the asymmetric epoxidation of chalcone and other electron-deficient alkenes (the Julia` –Colonna reaction). The influences of reaction conditions, of the molecular structure of the catalysts and of the scaling-up of the process on the enantioselectivity of the reaction have been determined. The kinetics and mechanism have been investigated using a soluble PEG-polyleucine conjugate, which behaves in a similar way to an enzyme, showing saturation kinetics for both chalcone and HOOK. Enantioselective catalysis is achieved with peptides with as few as five residues and scalemic catalysts show high chiral amplification. Here, we discuss the relevance of these-enzyme like catalysts to prebiotic processes, such as the role of small peptides in the formation of optically active cyanohydrins.
|Titolo:||Polyamino acids as synthetic enzymes: mechanism, applications and relevance to prebiotic catalysis|
COLONNA, STEFANO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Polyleucine, epoxidation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.tibtech.2005.07.010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|