Objective To provide a comprehensive picture of trends in parents’ age and total fertility rate in selected most populous high-income countries from Europe and North America. Study design Data were retrieved from official statistics published by the United Nations, the World Bank, the European Union (EU) and by national health statistics offices. Results Mean maternal age at birth showed increasing trends in all considered countries; in 2020, the highest mean age was observed in Italy (32.2) and Spain (32.3), and the lowest one in the USA (28.8). Mean maternal age at first birth also showed upward trends. In the 1990s, mean age at first birth ranged from 25.5 to 26.9 years, except of the USA where it was below 25 years. The countries with the highest average maternal age at first birth were Italy and Spain, reaching 31 years over the most recent years. Data on mean paternal age at birth were scant. In Germany (2019) and the USA (2014), it was respectively 34.6 and 27.9 years. In Italy, mean paternal age increased from 34.2 in 2000 to 35.5 in 2018, in the UK from 30.7 in 1990 to 33.4 in 2017, and in Canada, a decrease was observed from 29.1 in 2006 to 28.3 in 2011. Finally, Sweden and the USA had the highest fertility rates, around two children in some years, while Italy and Spain had the lowest ones, with less than 1.5 children over the whole period. Conclusions Monitoring of trends in reproductive factors is crucial to gain insight into society from a cultural and sociological point of view and to analyze the impact of these changes on reproductive health and related conditions.

Parents’age and total fertility rate in selected high-income countries from Europe and North America, 1990–2020 / G. Esposito, F. Parazzini, L. Chatenoud, C. Santucci, C. La Vecchia, E. Negri. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY. X. - ISSN 2590-1613. - (2024). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.ejogrb.2024.05.031]

Parents’age and total fertility rate in selected high-income countries from Europe and North America, 1990–2020

G. Esposito
Primo
;
F. Parazzini
Secondo
;
C. Santucci;C. La Vecchia
Penultimo
;
E. Negri
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Objective To provide a comprehensive picture of trends in parents’ age and total fertility rate in selected most populous high-income countries from Europe and North America. Study design Data were retrieved from official statistics published by the United Nations, the World Bank, the European Union (EU) and by national health statistics offices. Results Mean maternal age at birth showed increasing trends in all considered countries; in 2020, the highest mean age was observed in Italy (32.2) and Spain (32.3), and the lowest one in the USA (28.8). Mean maternal age at first birth also showed upward trends. In the 1990s, mean age at first birth ranged from 25.5 to 26.9 years, except of the USA where it was below 25 years. The countries with the highest average maternal age at first birth were Italy and Spain, reaching 31 years over the most recent years. Data on mean paternal age at birth were scant. In Germany (2019) and the USA (2014), it was respectively 34.6 and 27.9 years. In Italy, mean paternal age increased from 34.2 in 2000 to 35.5 in 2018, in the UK from 30.7 in 1990 to 33.4 in 2017, and in Canada, a decrease was observed from 29.1 in 2006 to 28.3 in 2011. Finally, Sweden and the USA had the highest fertility rates, around two children in some years, while Italy and Spain had the lowest ones, with less than 1.5 children over the whole period. Conclusions Monitoring of trends in reproductive factors is crucial to gain insight into society from a cultural and sociological point of view and to analyze the impact of these changes on reproductive health and related conditions.
Reproductive factor; Maternal age; Paternal age; Fertility rate
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
   One Health Basic and Translational Research Actions addressing Unmet Need on Emerging Infectious Diseases (INF-ACT)
   INF-ACT
   MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA
   PE00000007
2024
26-mag-2024
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0301211524002616-main.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Accepted Manuscript
Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 427.56 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
427.56 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1055332
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact