Study design: A systematic review of the literature about differential diagnosis between spine infection and bone tumors of the spine. Background and Purpose: The differential diagnosis between spine infection and bone tumors of the spine can be misled by the prevalence of one of the conditions over the other in different areas of the world. A review of the existing literature on suggestive or even pathognomonic imaging aspects of both can be very useful for correctly orientating the diagnosis and deciding the most appropriate area for biopsy. The purpose of our study is to identify which imaging technique is the most reliable to suggest the diagnosis between spine infection and spine bone tumor. Methods: A primary search on Medline through PubMed distribution was made. We identified five main groups: tuberculous, atypical spinal tuberculosis, pyogenic spondylitis, and neoplastic (primitive and metastatic). For each group, we evaluated the commonest localization, characteristics at CT, CT perfusion, MRI, MRI with Gadolinium, MRI diffusion (DWI) and, in the end, the main features for each group. Results: A total of 602 studies were identified through the database search and a screening by titles and abstracts was performed. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 34 articles were excluded and a total of 22 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility. For each article, the role of CT-scan, CT-perfusion, MRI, MRI with Gadolinium and MRI diffusion (DWI) in distinguishing the most reliable features to suggest the diagnosis of spine infection versus bone tumor/metastasis was collected. Conclusion: Definitive differential diagnosis between infection and tumor requires biopsy and culture. The sensitivity and specificity of percutaneous biopsy are 72% and 94%, respectively. Imaging studies can be added to address the diagnosis, but a multidisciplinary discussion with radiologists and nuclear medicine specialists is mandatory.

Diagnostic Approach and Differences between Spinal Infections and Tumors / D. Compagnone, R. Cecchinato, A. Pezzi, F. Langella, M. Damilano, A. Redaelli, D. Vanni, C. Lamartina, P. Berjano, S. Boriani. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:17(2023), pp. 2737.1-2737.17. [10.3390/diagnostics13172737]

Diagnostic Approach and Differences between Spinal Infections and Tumors

R. Cecchinato
Secondo
;
A. Pezzi;
2023

Abstract

Study design: A systematic review of the literature about differential diagnosis between spine infection and bone tumors of the spine. Background and Purpose: The differential diagnosis between spine infection and bone tumors of the spine can be misled by the prevalence of one of the conditions over the other in different areas of the world. A review of the existing literature on suggestive or even pathognomonic imaging aspects of both can be very useful for correctly orientating the diagnosis and deciding the most appropriate area for biopsy. The purpose of our study is to identify which imaging technique is the most reliable to suggest the diagnosis between spine infection and spine bone tumor. Methods: A primary search on Medline through PubMed distribution was made. We identified five main groups: tuberculous, atypical spinal tuberculosis, pyogenic spondylitis, and neoplastic (primitive and metastatic). For each group, we evaluated the commonest localization, characteristics at CT, CT perfusion, MRI, MRI with Gadolinium, MRI diffusion (DWI) and, in the end, the main features for each group. Results: A total of 602 studies were identified through the database search and a screening by titles and abstracts was performed. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 34 articles were excluded and a total of 22 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility. For each article, the role of CT-scan, CT-perfusion, MRI, MRI with Gadolinium and MRI diffusion (DWI) in distinguishing the most reliable features to suggest the diagnosis of spine infection versus bone tumor/metastasis was collected. Conclusion: Definitive differential diagnosis between infection and tumor requires biopsy and culture. The sensitivity and specificity of percutaneous biopsy are 72% and 94%, respectively. Imaging studies can be added to address the diagnosis, but a multidisciplinary discussion with radiologists and nuclear medicine specialists is mandatory.
radiological diagnostic; radiological differential diagnosis; spine bone tumor; spine infection
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1052775
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