Syncope is a challenging problem in the emergency department (ED) as the available risk prediction tools have suboptimal predictive performances. Predictive models based on machine learning (ML) are promising tools whose application in the context of syncope remains underexplored. The aim of the present study was to develop and compare the performance of ML-based models in predicting the risk of clinically significant outcomes in patients presenting to the ED for syncope. We enrolled 266 consecutive patients (age 73, IQR 58–83; 52% males) admitted for syncope at three tertiary centers. We collected demographic and clinical information as well as the occurrence of clinically significant outcomes at a 30-day telephone follow-up. We implemented an XGBoost model based on the best-performing candidate predictors. Subsequently, we integrated the XGboost predictors with knowledge-based rules. The obtained hybrid model outperformed the XGboost model (AUC = 0.81 vs. 0.73, p < 0.001) with acceptable calibration. In conclusion, we developed an ML-based model characterized by a commendable capability to predict adverse events within 30 days post-syncope evaluation in the ED. This model relies solely on clinical data routinely collected during a patient’s initial syncope evaluation, thus obviating the need for laboratory tests or syncope experienced clinical judgment.

A Hybrid Model for 30-Day Syncope Prognosis Prediction in the Emergency Department / F. Dipaola, M. Gatti, R. Mene, D. Shiffer, A. Giaj Levra, M. Solbiati, P. Villa, G. Costantino, R. Furlan. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 14:1(2024), pp. 4.1-4.14. [10.3390/jpm14010004]

A Hybrid Model for 30-Day Syncope Prognosis Prediction in the Emergency Department

M. Solbiati;G. Costantino
Penultimo
;
2024

Abstract

Syncope is a challenging problem in the emergency department (ED) as the available risk prediction tools have suboptimal predictive performances. Predictive models based on machine learning (ML) are promising tools whose application in the context of syncope remains underexplored. The aim of the present study was to develop and compare the performance of ML-based models in predicting the risk of clinically significant outcomes in patients presenting to the ED for syncope. We enrolled 266 consecutive patients (age 73, IQR 58–83; 52% males) admitted for syncope at three tertiary centers. We collected demographic and clinical information as well as the occurrence of clinically significant outcomes at a 30-day telephone follow-up. We implemented an XGBoost model based on the best-performing candidate predictors. Subsequently, we integrated the XGboost predictors with knowledge-based rules. The obtained hybrid model outperformed the XGboost model (AUC = 0.81 vs. 0.73, p < 0.001) with acceptable calibration. In conclusion, we developed an ML-based model characterized by a commendable capability to predict adverse events within 30 days post-syncope evaluation in the ED. This model relies solely on clinical data routinely collected during a patient’s initial syncope evaluation, thus obviating the need for laboratory tests or syncope experienced clinical judgment.
emergency department; machine learning; risk stratification; syncope
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1051661
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