IntroductionLimited data exist on pulsed-field ablation (PFA) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) undergoing left atrial posterior wall isolation (LAPWI).MethodsThe Advanced TecHnologies For SuccEssful AblatioN of AF in Clinical Practice (ATHENA) prospective registry included consecutive patients referred for PeAF catheter ablation at 9 Italian centers, treated with the FARAPULSETM-PFA system. The primary efficacy and safety study endpoints were the acute LAPWI rate, freedom from arrhythmic recurrences and the incidence of major periprocedural complications. Patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone, PWI + LAPWI and redo procedures were compared.ResultsAmong 249 patients, 21.7% had long-standing PeAF, 79.5% were male; mean age was 63 +/- 9 years. LAPWI was performed in 57.6% of cases, with 15.3% being redo procedures. Median skin-to-skin times (PVI-only 68 [60-90] vs. PVI + LAPWI 70 [59-88] mins) did not differ between groups. 45.8% LAPWI cases were approached with a 3D-mapping system, and 37.3% with intracardiac echocardiography. LAPWI was achieved in all patients by means of PFA alone, in 88.8% cases at first pass. LAPWI was validated either by an Ultrahigh-density mapping system or by recording electrical activity + pacing maneuvers. No major complications occurred, while 2.4% minor complications were detected. During a median follow-up of 273 [191-379] days, 41 patients (16.5%) experienced an arrhythmic recurrence after the 90-day blanking period, with a mean time to recurrence of 223 +/- 100 days and no differences among ablation strategies.ConclusionLAPWI with PFA demonstrates feasibility, rapidity, and safety in real-world practice, offering a viable alternative for PeAF patients. LAPWI is achievable even with a fluoroscopy-only method and does not significantly extend overall procedural times.

Pulsed field ablation technology for pulmonary vein and left atrial posterior wall isolation in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation / M. Schiavone, F. Solimene, M. Moltrasio, M. Casella, S. Bianchi, S. Iacopino, A. Rossillo, V. Schillaci, G. Fassini, P. Compagnucci, A. Salito, P. Rossi, P. Filannino, R. Maggio, S. Themistoklakis, C. Pandozi, F. Caprioglio, M. Malacrida, A.D. Russo, C. Tondo. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1540-8167. - (2024), pp. 1-11. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/jce.16246]

Pulsed field ablation technology for pulmonary vein and left atrial posterior wall isolation in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation

M. Schiavone
Primo
;
S. Bianchi;C. Tondo
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

IntroductionLimited data exist on pulsed-field ablation (PFA) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) undergoing left atrial posterior wall isolation (LAPWI).MethodsThe Advanced TecHnologies For SuccEssful AblatioN of AF in Clinical Practice (ATHENA) prospective registry included consecutive patients referred for PeAF catheter ablation at 9 Italian centers, treated with the FARAPULSETM-PFA system. The primary efficacy and safety study endpoints were the acute LAPWI rate, freedom from arrhythmic recurrences and the incidence of major periprocedural complications. Patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone, PWI + LAPWI and redo procedures were compared.ResultsAmong 249 patients, 21.7% had long-standing PeAF, 79.5% were male; mean age was 63 +/- 9 years. LAPWI was performed in 57.6% of cases, with 15.3% being redo procedures. Median skin-to-skin times (PVI-only 68 [60-90] vs. PVI + LAPWI 70 [59-88] mins) did not differ between groups. 45.8% LAPWI cases were approached with a 3D-mapping system, and 37.3% with intracardiac echocardiography. LAPWI was achieved in all patients by means of PFA alone, in 88.8% cases at first pass. LAPWI was validated either by an Ultrahigh-density mapping system or by recording electrical activity + pacing maneuvers. No major complications occurred, while 2.4% minor complications were detected. During a median follow-up of 273 [191-379] days, 41 patients (16.5%) experienced an arrhythmic recurrence after the 90-day blanking period, with a mean time to recurrence of 223 +/- 100 days and no differences among ablation strategies.ConclusionLAPWI with PFA demonstrates feasibility, rapidity, and safety in real-world practice, offering a viable alternative for PeAF patients. LAPWI is achievable even with a fluoroscopy-only method and does not significantly extend overall procedural times.
atrial fibrillation; electroporation; left atrial posterior wall isolation; pulsed‐field ablation;
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
2024
22-mar-2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1050532
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