The sample of planet-forming disks observed by high-contrast imaging campaigns over the last decade is mature enough to enable the demographical analysis of individual star-forming regions. We present the full census of Taurus sources with VLT/SPHERE polarimetric images available. The whole sample sums up to 43 targets (of which 31 have not been previously published) corresponding to one-fifth of the Class II population in Taurus and about half of such objects that are observable. A large fraction of the sample is apparently made up of isolated faint disks (equally divided between small and large self-shadowed disks). Ambient signal is visible in about one-third of the sample. This probes the interaction with the environment and with companions or the outflow activity of the system. The central portion of the Taurus region almost exclusively hosts faint disks, while the periphery also hosts bright disks interacting with their surroundings. The few bright disks are found around apparently older stars. The overall picture is that the Taurus region is in an early evolutionary stage of planet formation. Yet, some objects are discussed individually, as in an intermediate or exceptional stage of the disk evolution. This census provides a first benchmark for the comparison of the disk populations in different star forming regions.

The SPHERE view of the Taurus star-forming region. The full census of planet-forming disks with GTO and DESTINYS programs / A. Garufi, C. Ginski, R.G. van Holstein, M. Benisty, C.F. Manara, S. Pérez, P. Pinilla, Á. Ribas, P. Weber, J. Williams, L. Cieza, C. Dominik, S. Facchini, J. Huang, A. Zurlo, J. Bae, J. Hagelberg, T. Henning, M.R. Hogerheijde, M. Janson, F. Ménard, S. Messina, M.R. Meyer, C. Pinte, S.P. Quanz, E. Rigliaco, V. Roccatagliata, H.M. Schmid, J. Szulágyi, R. van Boekel, Z. Wahhaj, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, T. Moulin. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 685:(2024), pp. A53.1-A53.22. [10.1051/0004-6361/202347586]

The SPHERE view of the Taurus star-forming region. The full census of planet-forming disks with GTO and DESTINYS programs

S. Facchini;
2024

Abstract

The sample of planet-forming disks observed by high-contrast imaging campaigns over the last decade is mature enough to enable the demographical analysis of individual star-forming regions. We present the full census of Taurus sources with VLT/SPHERE polarimetric images available. The whole sample sums up to 43 targets (of which 31 have not been previously published) corresponding to one-fifth of the Class II population in Taurus and about half of such objects that are observable. A large fraction of the sample is apparently made up of isolated faint disks (equally divided between small and large self-shadowed disks). Ambient signal is visible in about one-third of the sample. This probes the interaction with the environment and with companions or the outflow activity of the system. The central portion of the Taurus region almost exclusively hosts faint disks, while the periphery also hosts bright disks interacting with their surroundings. The few bright disks are found around apparently older stars. The overall picture is that the Taurus region is in an early evolutionary stage of planet formation. Yet, some objects are discussed individually, as in an intermediate or exceptional stage of the disk evolution. This census provides a first benchmark for the comparison of the disk populations in different star forming regions.
techniques: polarimetric / protoplanetary disks / stars: pre-main sequence;
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
   Unveiling the infancy of planetary systems (UNVEIL)
   UNVEIL
   EUROPEAN COMMISSION
   101076613
2024
mag-2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1050110
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