Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare and lethal cancer caused by exposure to asbestos. The highly inflammatory environment caused by fibers accumulation forces cells to undergo profound adaptation to gain survival advantages. Prioritizing the synthesis of essential transcripts is an efficient mechanism coordinated by multiple molecules, including long non-coding RNAs. Enhancing the knowledge about these mechanisms is an essential weapon in combating mesothelioma. Linc00941 correlates to bad prognosis in various cancers, but it is reported to partake in distinct and apparently irreconcilable processes. In this work, we report that linc00941 supports the survival and aggressiveness of mesothelioma cells by influencing protein synthesis and ribosome biogenesis. Linc00941 binds to the translation initiation factor eIF4G, promoting the selective protein synthesis of cMYC, which, in turn, enhances the expression of key genes involved in translation. We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 97 mesothelioma patients' samples from our institution, revealing that linc00941 expression strongly correlates with reduced survival probability. This discovery clarifies linc00941's role in mesothelioma and proposes a unified mechanism of action for this lncRNA involving the selective translation of essential oncogenes, reconciling the discrepancies about its function.

Linc00941 fuels ribogenesis and protein synthesis by supporting robust cMYC translation in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma / M. Gugnoni, E. Lorenzini, F. Torricelli, B. Donati, V. Manicardi, E. Vitale, S. Muccioli, S. Piana, F. Lococo, R. Zamponi, P. Gandellini, A. Ciarrocchi. - In: CANCER LETTERS. - ISSN 0304-3835. - (2024). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.canlet.2024.216950]

Linc00941 fuels ribogenesis and protein synthesis by supporting robust cMYC translation in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

P. Gandellini
Penultimo
;
2024

Abstract

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare and lethal cancer caused by exposure to asbestos. The highly inflammatory environment caused by fibers accumulation forces cells to undergo profound adaptation to gain survival advantages. Prioritizing the synthesis of essential transcripts is an efficient mechanism coordinated by multiple molecules, including long non-coding RNAs. Enhancing the knowledge about these mechanisms is an essential weapon in combating mesothelioma. Linc00941 correlates to bad prognosis in various cancers, but it is reported to partake in distinct and apparently irreconcilable processes. In this work, we report that linc00941 supports the survival and aggressiveness of mesothelioma cells by influencing protein synthesis and ribosome biogenesis. Linc00941 binds to the translation initiation factor eIF4G, promoting the selective protein synthesis of cMYC, which, in turn, enhances the expression of key genes involved in translation. We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 97 mesothelioma patients' samples from our institution, revealing that linc00941 expression strongly correlates with reduced survival probability. This discovery clarifies linc00941's role in mesothelioma and proposes a unified mechanism of action for this lncRNA involving the selective translation of essential oncogenes, reconciling the discrepancies about its function.
cMYC; lncRNA; mesothelioma; protein synthesis; translation
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
2024
8-mag-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1049932
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