Aims: Myocardial bridging (MB) is a frequent congenital anomaly of the epicardial coronary arteries commonly considered a benign condition. However, in some cases a complex interplay between anatomical, clinical and physiology factors may lead to adverse events, including sudden cardiac death. Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) emerged as the gold standard noninvasive imaging technique for the evaluation of MB. Aim of the study was to evaluate MB prevalence and anatomical features in a large population of patients who underwent CCTA for suspected CAD and to identify potential anatomical and clinical predictors of adverse cardiac events at long-term follow-up. Methods and results: Two-hundred and six patients (mean age 60.3 ± 11.8 years, 128 male) with MB diagnosed at CCTA were considered. A long MB was defined as ≥25 mm of overlying myocardium, whereas a deep MB as ≥2 mm of overlying myocardium. The study endpoint was the sum of the following adverse events: cardiac death, bridge-related acute coronary syndrome, hospitalization for angina or bridge-related ventricular arrhythmias and MB surgical treatment. Of the 206 patients enrolled in the study, 9 were lost to follow-up, whereas 197 (95.6%) had complete follow-up (mean 7.01 ± 3.0 years) and formed the analytic population. Nineteen bridge-related events occurred in 18 patients (acute coronary syndrome in 7, MB surgical treatment in 2 and hospitalization for bridge-related events in 10). Typical angina at the time of diagnosis and long MB resulted as significant independent predictors of adverse outcome. Conclusions: Typical angina and MB length ≥ 25 mm were independent predictors of cardiac events.

Predictors of adverse cardiac events of coronary myocardial bridging diagnosed with computed tomography angiography / D. Andreini, E. Conte, G. Monizzi, B. Prestini, A. Ratti, M. Belmonte, E. Melotti, M. Doldi, D. Marchetti, M. Schillaci, F. Nicoli, A. Mastrangelo, P. Paolisso, C. Gigante, M.L. Novembre, A. Baggiano, M.E. Mancini, A. Annoni, A. Formenti, F. Pizzamiglio, G. Pontone, P. Zeppilli, A.L. Bartorelli, S. Mushtaq. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 1874-1754. - 406:(2024 Jul 01), pp. 131997.1-131997.8. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2024.131997]

Predictors of adverse cardiac events of coronary myocardial bridging diagnosed with computed tomography angiography

D. Andreini
Co-primo
;
E. Conte
Co-primo
;
B. Prestini;A. Ratti;C. Gigante;M.L. Novembre;A. Baggiano;G. Pontone;A.L. Bartorelli
Co-ultimo
;
2024

Abstract

Aims: Myocardial bridging (MB) is a frequent congenital anomaly of the epicardial coronary arteries commonly considered a benign condition. However, in some cases a complex interplay between anatomical, clinical and physiology factors may lead to adverse events, including sudden cardiac death. Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) emerged as the gold standard noninvasive imaging technique for the evaluation of MB. Aim of the study was to evaluate MB prevalence and anatomical features in a large population of patients who underwent CCTA for suspected CAD and to identify potential anatomical and clinical predictors of adverse cardiac events at long-term follow-up. Methods and results: Two-hundred and six patients (mean age 60.3 ± 11.8 years, 128 male) with MB diagnosed at CCTA were considered. A long MB was defined as ≥25 mm of overlying myocardium, whereas a deep MB as ≥2 mm of overlying myocardium. The study endpoint was the sum of the following adverse events: cardiac death, bridge-related acute coronary syndrome, hospitalization for angina or bridge-related ventricular arrhythmias and MB surgical treatment. Of the 206 patients enrolled in the study, 9 were lost to follow-up, whereas 197 (95.6%) had complete follow-up (mean 7.01 ± 3.0 years) and formed the analytic population. Nineteen bridge-related events occurred in 18 patients (acute coronary syndrome in 7, MB surgical treatment in 2 and hospitalization for bridge-related events in 10). Typical angina at the time of diagnosis and long MB resulted as significant independent predictors of adverse outcome. Conclusions: Typical angina and MB length ≥ 25 mm were independent predictors of cardiac events.
Angyna; Coronary computed angiography; Dephth; Lenght; Myocardial bridging
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
1-lug-2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1049890
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