Coagulopathy and immune dysregulation have been identified as important causes of adverse outcomes in coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Mid-region proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is associated with endothelial damage and has recently been proposed as a prognostic factor in COVID-19. In non-COVID-19 immunocompromised patients, low in vitro interferon gamma (IFN gamma) production correlates with infection risk and mortality. This prospective, monocentric, observational study included adult patients consecutively admitted with radiologic evidence of COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure. MR-proADM and in vitro IFN gamma production were measured at T0 (day 1 from admission) and T1 (day 7 from enrollment). One hundred patients were enrolled. Thirty-six percent were females, median age 65 (Q1-Q3 54.5-75) years, and 58% had >= 1 comorbidity. Only 16 patients had received COVID-19 vaccination before hospitalization. At admission, the median PaO2:FiO2 ratio was 241 (157-309) mmHg. In-hospital mortality was 13%. MR-proADM levels differed significantly between deceased and survivors both at T0 (1.41 (1.12-1.77) nmol/L vs. 0.79 (0.63-1.03) nmol/L, p < 0.001) and T1 (1.67 (1.08-1.96) nmol/L vs. 0.66 (0.53-0.95) nmol/L, p < 0.001). In vitro IFN gamma production at T0 and T1 did not vary between groups. When only the subset of non-vaccinated patients was considered, both biomarkers at T1 resulted significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. AUROC for MR-proADM at T0 to predict in-hospital mortality was 0.87 (95%CI 0.79-0.94), with the best cut-off point at 1.04 nmol/L (92% sensitivity, 75% specificity and 98% negative predictive value). In patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and different degrees of respiratory failure, MR-proADM at admission and during hospitalization resulted strongly associated with in-hospital mortality. Low in vitro IFN gamma production after the first week of hospitalization was associated with mortality in non-vaccinated patients possibly identifying the subgroup characterized by a higher degree of immune suppression.

Prognostic Value of Mid-Region Proadrenomedullin and In Vitro Interferon Gamma Production for In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia and Respiratory Failure: An Observational Prospective Study / D. Mangioni, M. Oggioni, L. Chatenoud, A. Liparoti, S. Uceda Renteria, L. Alagna, S. Biscarini, M. Bolis, A. Di Modugno, M. Mussa, G. Renisi, R. Ungaro, A. Muscatello, A. Gori, F. Ceriotti, A. Bandera. - In: VIRUSES. - ISSN 1999-4915. - 14:8(2022 Jul 30), pp. 1683.1-1683.16. [10.3390/v14081683]

Prognostic Value of Mid-Region Proadrenomedullin and In Vitro Interferon Gamma Production for In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia and Respiratory Failure: An Observational Prospective Study

D. Mangioni
Primo
;
M. Oggioni
Secondo
;
L. Chatenoud;A. Liparoti;S. Uceda Renteria;M. Bolis;R. Ungaro;A. Gori;A. Bandera
2022

Abstract

Coagulopathy and immune dysregulation have been identified as important causes of adverse outcomes in coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Mid-region proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is associated with endothelial damage and has recently been proposed as a prognostic factor in COVID-19. In non-COVID-19 immunocompromised patients, low in vitro interferon gamma (IFN gamma) production correlates with infection risk and mortality. This prospective, monocentric, observational study included adult patients consecutively admitted with radiologic evidence of COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure. MR-proADM and in vitro IFN gamma production were measured at T0 (day 1 from admission) and T1 (day 7 from enrollment). One hundred patients were enrolled. Thirty-six percent were females, median age 65 (Q1-Q3 54.5-75) years, and 58% had >= 1 comorbidity. Only 16 patients had received COVID-19 vaccination before hospitalization. At admission, the median PaO2:FiO2 ratio was 241 (157-309) mmHg. In-hospital mortality was 13%. MR-proADM levels differed significantly between deceased and survivors both at T0 (1.41 (1.12-1.77) nmol/L vs. 0.79 (0.63-1.03) nmol/L, p < 0.001) and T1 (1.67 (1.08-1.96) nmol/L vs. 0.66 (0.53-0.95) nmol/L, p < 0.001). In vitro IFN gamma production at T0 and T1 did not vary between groups. When only the subset of non-vaccinated patients was considered, both biomarkers at T1 resulted significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. AUROC for MR-proADM at T0 to predict in-hospital mortality was 0.87 (95%CI 0.79-0.94), with the best cut-off point at 1.04 nmol/L (92% sensitivity, 75% specificity and 98% negative predictive value). In patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and different degrees of respiratory failure, MR-proADM at admission and during hospitalization resulted strongly associated with in-hospital mortality. Low in vitro IFN gamma production after the first week of hospitalization was associated with mortality in non-vaccinated patients possibly identifying the subgroup characterized by a higher degree of immune suppression.
MR-proADM; SARS-CoV-2; interferon gamma; mid-region proadrenomedullin; quantiferon monitor
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
30-lug-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1049849
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