BackgroundDespite the availability of potent antiretroviral drugs, the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection still presents some important challenges, especially in older patients who often experience age-related comorbidities and complex polypharmacy.ObjectiveTo describe the results of our 6 year experience with the outpatient clinic [Gestione Ambulatoriale Politerapie (GAP)] for the management of polypharmacy in people living with HIV (PLWH).MethodsDemographic characteristics, antiretroviral regimens, and number and type of comedications were collected in all PLWH included in the database of GAP from September 2016 to September 2022. Therapies were stratified based on the number of anti-HIV drugs (dual versus triple regimens) and on the presence of pharmacokinetic boosters (ritonavir or cobicistat).ResultsA total of 556 PLWH were included in the GAP database. Overall, the enrolled patients were administered 4.2 +/- 2.7 drugs (range 1-17) in addition to antiretroviral therapies. The number of comedications greatly increased with age (3.0 +/- 2.2 versus 4.1 +/- 2.5 versus 6.3 +/- 3.2 in PLWH aged < 50 versus 50-64 versus > 65 years; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). PLWH on dual antiretroviral therapies were significantly older (58 +/- 9 versus 54 +/- 11 years; p < 0.001) and were concomitantly treated with more drugs (5.1 +/- 3.2 versus 3.8 +/- 2.5; p < 0.001) compared with those on triple therapies. A significant reduction of boosted antiretroviral regimens (53% versus 23%; p < 0.001) and in the number of comedications (4.0 +/- 2.9 versus 3.1 +/- 2.2 drugs; p < 0.001) was observed in the subgroup of patients (n = 198) with two GAP visits.ConclusionsThe high prevalence of polypharmacy in PLWH, especially among older adults, place these patients at high risk for clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDIs). A multidisciplinary approach involving physicians and clinical pharmacologists could help to optimize medication regimens associated with reduced risk.

Polypharmacy and Aging in People Living with HIV: 6 Years of Experience in a Multidisciplinary Outpatient Clinic / D. Cattaneo, L. Oreni, P. Meraviglia, D. Minisci, N. Astuti, S. Antinori, A. Gori, C. Gervasoni. - In: DRUGS & AGING. - ISSN 1170-229X. - 40:7(2023 Jul), pp. 665-674. [10.1007/s40266-023-01037-1]

Polypharmacy and Aging in People Living with HIV: 6 Years of Experience in a Multidisciplinary Outpatient Clinic

D. Cattaneo;S. Antinori;A. Gori;
2023

Abstract

BackgroundDespite the availability of potent antiretroviral drugs, the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection still presents some important challenges, especially in older patients who often experience age-related comorbidities and complex polypharmacy.ObjectiveTo describe the results of our 6 year experience with the outpatient clinic [Gestione Ambulatoriale Politerapie (GAP)] for the management of polypharmacy in people living with HIV (PLWH).MethodsDemographic characteristics, antiretroviral regimens, and number and type of comedications were collected in all PLWH included in the database of GAP from September 2016 to September 2022. Therapies were stratified based on the number of anti-HIV drugs (dual versus triple regimens) and on the presence of pharmacokinetic boosters (ritonavir or cobicistat).ResultsA total of 556 PLWH were included in the GAP database. Overall, the enrolled patients were administered 4.2 +/- 2.7 drugs (range 1-17) in addition to antiretroviral therapies. The number of comedications greatly increased with age (3.0 +/- 2.2 versus 4.1 +/- 2.5 versus 6.3 +/- 3.2 in PLWH aged < 50 versus 50-64 versus > 65 years; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). PLWH on dual antiretroviral therapies were significantly older (58 +/- 9 versus 54 +/- 11 years; p < 0.001) and were concomitantly treated with more drugs (5.1 +/- 3.2 versus 3.8 +/- 2.5; p < 0.001) compared with those on triple therapies. A significant reduction of boosted antiretroviral regimens (53% versus 23%; p < 0.001) and in the number of comedications (4.0 +/- 2.9 versus 3.1 +/- 2.2 drugs; p < 0.001) was observed in the subgroup of patients (n = 198) with two GAP visits.ConclusionsThe high prevalence of polypharmacy in PLWH, especially among older adults, place these patients at high risk for clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDIs). A multidisciplinary approach involving physicians and clinical pharmacologists could help to optimize medication regimens associated with reduced risk.
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
lug-2023
13-giu-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1049829
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