Objectives: Very little is known on the efficacy and safety of drugs for the management of chronic calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystal inflammatory arthritis. The objectives of this work were to describe the drugs used in the management of chronic CPP crystal inflammatory arthritis in expert European centres, and to examine treatment retention. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Charts from patients with a diagnosis of persistent inflammatory and/or recurrent acute CPP crystal arthritis were reviewed in seven European centres. Baseline characteristics were collected, and visits at months 3, 6, 12 and 24 included an assessment of treatment response and safety. Results: One hundred and ninety-four treatments were initiated in 129 patients. Colchicine (used first-line in n = 73/86), methotrexate (used first-line in n = 14/36), anakinra (n = 27) and tocilizumab (n = 25) were the most prescribed treatments, while long-term corticosteroids, hydroxychloroquine, canakinumab and sarilumab were used occasionally. The 24-month on-drug retention was higher for tocilizumab (40%) than anakinra (18.5%) (P < 0.05), while the difference between colchicine (29.1%) and methotrexate (44.4%) was not statistically significant (P = 0.10). Adverse events led to 14.1% of colchicine discontinuations (100% of diarrhoea), 4.3% for methotrexate, 31.8% for anakinra and 20% for tocilizumab; all other discontinuations were related to insufficient response or losses to follow-up. Efficacy outcomes did not differ significantly between treatments throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Daily colchicine is the first-line therapy used in chronic CPP crystal inflammatory arthritis, which is considered efficient in a third to half of cases. Second-line treatments include methotrexate and tocilizumab, which have higher retention than anakinra.

Retention, safety and efficacy of off-label conventional treatments and biologics for chronic calcium pyrophosphate crystal inflammatory arthritis / J. Damart, G. Filippou, M. Andres, E. Cipolletta, S. Sirotti, D. Carboni, E. Filippucci, P. Diez, A. Abhishek, A. Latourte, H.-. Ea, S. Ottaviani, J.-. Letarouilly, R. Desbarbieux, S. Graf, L. Norberciak, P. Richette, T. Pascart. - In: RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-0324. - 63:2(2024), pp. 446-455. [10.1093/rheumatology/kead228]

Retention, safety and efficacy of off-label conventional treatments and biologics for chronic calcium pyrophosphate crystal inflammatory arthritis

G. Filippou
Secondo
;
S. Sirotti;
2024

Abstract

Objectives: Very little is known on the efficacy and safety of drugs for the management of chronic calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystal inflammatory arthritis. The objectives of this work were to describe the drugs used in the management of chronic CPP crystal inflammatory arthritis in expert European centres, and to examine treatment retention. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Charts from patients with a diagnosis of persistent inflammatory and/or recurrent acute CPP crystal arthritis were reviewed in seven European centres. Baseline characteristics were collected, and visits at months 3, 6, 12 and 24 included an assessment of treatment response and safety. Results: One hundred and ninety-four treatments were initiated in 129 patients. Colchicine (used first-line in n = 73/86), methotrexate (used first-line in n = 14/36), anakinra (n = 27) and tocilizumab (n = 25) were the most prescribed treatments, while long-term corticosteroids, hydroxychloroquine, canakinumab and sarilumab were used occasionally. The 24-month on-drug retention was higher for tocilizumab (40%) than anakinra (18.5%) (P < 0.05), while the difference between colchicine (29.1%) and methotrexate (44.4%) was not statistically significant (P = 0.10). Adverse events led to 14.1% of colchicine discontinuations (100% of diarrhoea), 4.3% for methotrexate, 31.8% for anakinra and 20% for tocilizumab; all other discontinuations were related to insufficient response or losses to follow-up. Efficacy outcomes did not differ significantly between treatments throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Daily colchicine is the first-line therapy used in chronic CPP crystal inflammatory arthritis, which is considered efficient in a third to half of cases. Second-line treatments include methotrexate and tocilizumab, which have higher retention than anakinra.
calcium pyrophosphate deposition; colchicine; crystal arthritis; MTX; tocilizumab: anakinra
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1048229
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