Purpose: To investigate the frequency and type of artifacts on OCT angiography (OCTA) images and the relationship with clinical features in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME). Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional comparative study. Subjects: One hundred ninety-two eyes of 140 patients with DME were included. Methods: Medical records, OCT and OCTA images (Spectralis), and ultrawidefield color fundus photographs (Optos plc) were evaluated. Main outcome measures: The frequency of artifact types (segmentation, motion, projection artifact, and low signal) was determined. The relationships between artifact types and clinical features such as best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean central retinal thickness (CRT), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, perimeter, circularity index, perfusion density (PD), vessel density (VD), fractal dimension (FD) in the superficial capillary plexus, intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP), flow voids (FVs) in the choriocapillaris, presence of hard exudate (HE), and cataract were determined. Results: The mean age was 71.6 ± 11.4 years, and 86 (61.4%) out of 140 were men. Artifacts were present in 63 (32.8%) of 192 eyes. Twenty-nine (15.1%) eyes had segmentation artifacts, 12 (6.3%) had motion artifacts, 11 (5.7%) had projection artifacts, and 18 (9.4%) had low signal. Best-corrected visual acuity, PD, VD, and FD in ICP and DCP were significantly lower; and CRT, FAZ area and perimeter in ICP and DCP, and presence of cystoid macular edema, HE, and cataract were higher in eyes with artifacts versus eyes without artifacts (P < 0.05 for each). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant association between segmentation artifacts and decreased BCVA (odds ratio [OR], 5.277; P = 0.02), increased CRT (OR, 1.015; P < 0.001), increased area of FAZ in DCP (OR, 6.625; P = 0.02), and increased perimeter of FAZ in DCP (OR, 1.775; P < 0.04); there was also a significant association between projection artifacts and presence of HE (OR, 2.017; P = 0.02) and between motion artifacts and presence of cataract (OR, 4.102; P = 0.01). Conclusions: OCT angiography artifacts were present in one third of DME eyes, with segmentation artifacts being the most frequent type. Determining OCTA artifacts is crucial to ensure accurate clinical evaluation. These data could help in developing more standardized clinical protocols for image acquisition and interpretation used in clinical practice and research. Financial disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.

Clinical Features Related to OCT Angiography Artifacts in Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema / S. Tamer Kaderli, G. Piccoli, C. Limoli, S. Ginelli, S. Caboni, L. Brotto, E. Torti, L. O'Toole, P. Nucci, S. Vujosevic. - In: OPHTHALMOLOGY RETINA. - ISSN 2468-6530. - (2024), pp. 1-10. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.oret.2024.02.017]

Clinical Features Related to OCT Angiography Artifacts in Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema

C. Limoli;S. Ginelli;S. Caboni;L. Brotto;P. Nucci
Penultimo
;
S. Vujosevic
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the frequency and type of artifacts on OCT angiography (OCTA) images and the relationship with clinical features in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME). Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional comparative study. Subjects: One hundred ninety-two eyes of 140 patients with DME were included. Methods: Medical records, OCT and OCTA images (Spectralis), and ultrawidefield color fundus photographs (Optos plc) were evaluated. Main outcome measures: The frequency of artifact types (segmentation, motion, projection artifact, and low signal) was determined. The relationships between artifact types and clinical features such as best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean central retinal thickness (CRT), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, perimeter, circularity index, perfusion density (PD), vessel density (VD), fractal dimension (FD) in the superficial capillary plexus, intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP), flow voids (FVs) in the choriocapillaris, presence of hard exudate (HE), and cataract were determined. Results: The mean age was 71.6 ± 11.4 years, and 86 (61.4%) out of 140 were men. Artifacts were present in 63 (32.8%) of 192 eyes. Twenty-nine (15.1%) eyes had segmentation artifacts, 12 (6.3%) had motion artifacts, 11 (5.7%) had projection artifacts, and 18 (9.4%) had low signal. Best-corrected visual acuity, PD, VD, and FD in ICP and DCP were significantly lower; and CRT, FAZ area and perimeter in ICP and DCP, and presence of cystoid macular edema, HE, and cataract were higher in eyes with artifacts versus eyes without artifacts (P < 0.05 for each). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant association between segmentation artifacts and decreased BCVA (odds ratio [OR], 5.277; P = 0.02), increased CRT (OR, 1.015; P < 0.001), increased area of FAZ in DCP (OR, 6.625; P = 0.02), and increased perimeter of FAZ in DCP (OR, 1.775; P < 0.04); there was also a significant association between projection artifacts and presence of HE (OR, 2.017; P = 0.02) and between motion artifacts and presence of cataract (OR, 4.102; P = 0.01). Conclusions: OCT angiography artifacts were present in one third of DME eyes, with segmentation artifacts being the most frequent type. Determining OCTA artifacts is crucial to ensure accurate clinical evaluation. These data could help in developing more standardized clinical protocols for image acquisition and interpretation used in clinical practice and research. Financial disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.
Artifact; Diabetic macular edema; Diabetic retinopathy; OCT angiography; Segmentation artifacts
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
2024
4-mar-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1047098
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