Objective. To assess the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) among children who attended a tertiary level audiologic center 2 and 3 years after the COVID-19 lockdown, and to determine the impact of temporary interruption of day care center attendance on chronic OME. Study Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Tertiary level referral audiologic center. Methods. We assessed the prevalence of OME among children aged 6 months to 12 years in 3 different periods (May-June 2022, January-February 2023, and May-June 2023) and compared the results with those of the corresponding periods before the COVID-19 lockdown. We also compared the disease resolution rates between a subgroup of children with chronic OME who interrupted day care center attendance for a 2-month period (Subgroup A) and a similar subgroup who continued attending day care centers (Subgroup B). Results. The prevalence of OME was 38.5% (138/358) in May-June 2022, 51.9% (193/372) in January-February 2023, and 40.9% (149/364) in May-June 2023. No significant prevalence differences were observed between the periods May-June 2019, May-June 2022, and May-June 2023 (P = .78), and between the periods January-February 2020 and January-February 2023 (P = .93). At the May-June 2023 assessment, the children belonging to Subgroup A presented a greater rate of disease resolution (85.7%, 18/21) than the children belonging to Subgroup B (32%, 8/25, P < .001). Conclusion. This study suggests that the prevalence of OME has returned to prelockdown levels, and that interrupting day care center attendance for a 2-month period could be effective in resolving most cases of chronic OME.

Otitis Media With Effusion After the COVID-19 Pandemic: Return to the Past and New Lessons / M. Aldè, P. Marchisio, F. Folino, U. Ambrosetti, F. DI BERARDINO, S. Barozzi, D. Zanetti, L. Pignataro, G. Cantarella. - In: OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY. - ISSN 0194-5998. - (2024), pp. 1-7. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1002/ohn.778]

Otitis Media With Effusion After the COVID-19 Pandemic: Return to the Past and New Lessons

M. Aldè
Primo
;
P. Marchisio
Secondo
;
F. Folino;U. Ambrosetti;F. DI BERARDINO;S. Barozzi;D. Zanetti;L. Pignataro
Penultimo
;
G. Cantarella
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Objective. To assess the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) among children who attended a tertiary level audiologic center 2 and 3 years after the COVID-19 lockdown, and to determine the impact of temporary interruption of day care center attendance on chronic OME. Study Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Tertiary level referral audiologic center. Methods. We assessed the prevalence of OME among children aged 6 months to 12 years in 3 different periods (May-June 2022, January-February 2023, and May-June 2023) and compared the results with those of the corresponding periods before the COVID-19 lockdown. We also compared the disease resolution rates between a subgroup of children with chronic OME who interrupted day care center attendance for a 2-month period (Subgroup A) and a similar subgroup who continued attending day care centers (Subgroup B). Results. The prevalence of OME was 38.5% (138/358) in May-June 2022, 51.9% (193/372) in January-February 2023, and 40.9% (149/364) in May-June 2023. No significant prevalence differences were observed between the periods May-June 2019, May-June 2022, and May-June 2023 (P = .78), and between the periods January-February 2020 and January-February 2023 (P = .93). At the May-June 2023 assessment, the children belonging to Subgroup A presented a greater rate of disease resolution (85.7%, 18/21) than the children belonging to Subgroup B (32%, 8/25, P < .001). Conclusion. This study suggests that the prevalence of OME has returned to prelockdown levels, and that interrupting day care center attendance for a 2-month period could be effective in resolving most cases of chronic OME.
childrenCOVID-19day care attendanceotitis media with effusionphysical distancing
Settore MED/32 - Audiologia
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
2024
12-apr-2024
https://aao-hnsfjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ohn.778
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Otolaryngol --head neck surg - 2024 - Aldè - Otitis Media With Effusion After the COVID‐19 Pandemic Return to the Past and (1).pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 538.92 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
538.92 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1046327
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact