Objective: To establish the safety and quality of ovarian cortex surrounding epithelial ovarian tumors in women eligible for fertility-sparing surgery by identifying occult malignant lesions and characterizing the ovarian follicle pool. Methods: Multicentric retrospective study of 48 subjects (15-45 years), diagnosed with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) or early-stage epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and eligible for fertility-sparing surgery. Histological samples of ovarian cortex surrounding tumors were analyzed to characterize the follicle pool, find any occult malignant lesion using tumor-specific markers (cytokeratin 7 and mucin 1), and quantify tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) by CD3 and tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) by CD68. Results: Occult ovarian lesions were observed in 6 out of 45 cases investigated (14.6%), including one mucinous stage-I BOT (1/14), one serous stage-I BOT (1/13), 3 advanced-stage serous BOTs (3/11) and one early-stage serous EOC (1/7). Notably, follicle density was significantly lower in subjects diagnosed with ovarian tumors compared to controls (p < 0.001) and at a younger age. Significantly higher follicle atresia was encountered in the ovarian tumor group then in controls (20.1 ± 8.8% vs 9.2 ± 9.4%, p < 0.001) at all ages. Both TILs and TAMs were found in ovarian tumors irrespective of histotype, but no link was established with the status of the ovarian reserve. Conclusions: Personalized counseling for fertility preservation is required in the event of BOTs and early-stage EOCs. Fertility-sparing surgery and adjuvant gamete preservation should be considered, balancing the oncological risks according to tumor stage and histotype and fertility potential, especially at a younger age.

Fertility potential and safety assessment of residual ovarian cortex in young women diagnosed with epithelial borderline and early-stage malignant ovarian tumors / L. Cacciottola, A. Camboni, E. Gatti, E. Marbaix, M. Vignali, J. Donnez, M.M. Dolmans. - In: GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1095-6859. - 183:(2024), pp. 15-24. [10.1016/j.ygyno.2024.03.008]

Fertility potential and safety assessment of residual ovarian cortex in young women diagnosed with epithelial borderline and early-stage malignant ovarian tumors

E. Gatti;M. Vignali;
2024

Abstract

Objective: To establish the safety and quality of ovarian cortex surrounding epithelial ovarian tumors in women eligible for fertility-sparing surgery by identifying occult malignant lesions and characterizing the ovarian follicle pool. Methods: Multicentric retrospective study of 48 subjects (15-45 years), diagnosed with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) or early-stage epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and eligible for fertility-sparing surgery. Histological samples of ovarian cortex surrounding tumors were analyzed to characterize the follicle pool, find any occult malignant lesion using tumor-specific markers (cytokeratin 7 and mucin 1), and quantify tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) by CD3 and tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) by CD68. Results: Occult ovarian lesions were observed in 6 out of 45 cases investigated (14.6%), including one mucinous stage-I BOT (1/14), one serous stage-I BOT (1/13), 3 advanced-stage serous BOTs (3/11) and one early-stage serous EOC (1/7). Notably, follicle density was significantly lower in subjects diagnosed with ovarian tumors compared to controls (p < 0.001) and at a younger age. Significantly higher follicle atresia was encountered in the ovarian tumor group then in controls (20.1 ± 8.8% vs 9.2 ± 9.4%, p < 0.001) at all ages. Both TILs and TAMs were found in ovarian tumors irrespective of histotype, but no link was established with the status of the ovarian reserve. Conclusions: Personalized counseling for fertility preservation is required in the event of BOTs and early-stage EOCs. Fertility-sparing surgery and adjuvant gamete preservation should be considered, balancing the oncological risks according to tumor stage and histotype and fertility potential, especially at a younger age.
Borderline ovarian tumors; Follicle atresia; Oncofertility; Ovarian follicle pool
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1045288
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