This work examines the changes that took place in the management of forest commons in eighteenth-century Austrian Lombardy. During that period, fiscal and administrative reforms facilitated greater knowledge of the territory and the relationships between communities and wood merchants-entrepreneurs. Conflicting views arose when the Viennese government, aware that vast forest resources were being badly managed, took inspiration from modern theories of political economy and decided to privatize all forest commons. However, after careful research some enlightened Milanese officials began to consider mountain forests as part of a complex ecological system and question the environmental sustainability of the policies implemented.

Rationalization, privatization and sustainability: debates and reforms involving management of the Lombard forests in the 18th century = Racionalización, privatización y sostenibilidad: Debates y reformas sobre la gestión de los bosques lombardos en el siglo XVIII / A. Dattero. - In: HISTORIA AGRARIA. - ISSN 2340-3659. - 24:92(2024 Apr), pp. 7-33. [10.26882/histagrar.092e05d]

Rationalization, privatization and sustainability: debates and reforms involving management of the Lombard forests in the 18th century = Racionalización, privatización y sostenibilidad: Debates y reformas sobre la gestión de los bosques lombardos en el siglo XVIII

A. Dattero
2024

Abstract

This work examines the changes that took place in the management of forest commons in eighteenth-century Austrian Lombardy. During that period, fiscal and administrative reforms facilitated greater knowledge of the territory and the relationships between communities and wood merchants-entrepreneurs. Conflicting views arose when the Viennese government, aware that vast forest resources were being badly managed, took inspiration from modern theories of political economy and decided to privatize all forest commons. However, after careful research some enlightened Milanese officials began to consider mountain forests as part of a complex ecological system and question the environmental sustainability of the policies implemented.
En este trabajo se examinan los cambios introducidos en la gestión de los bosques comunales en la Lombardía austríaca del siglo XVIII. A raíz de las reformas fiscales y administrativas realizadas durante este período, las autoridades gubernamentales mejoraron su conocimiento del territorio y de cómo se desarrollaban las relaciones entre las comunidades y los comerciantes de la madera. Al constatar la existencia de vastos recursos forestales mal aprovechados, dichas autoridades propusieron replantear su gestión, inspirándose en las teorías modernas de la economía política. Sin embargo, ante la decisión tomada por el gobierno vienés de privatizar todos los bosques municipales, se generaron opiniones encontradas. Por su parte, los funcionarios milaneses ilustrados realizaron investigaciones en profundidad y consideraron los bosques como parte de un complejo sistema ecológico, expresando sus dudas sobre la sostenibilidad medioambiental de las políticas de privatización.
forest management; sustainability; commons; Austrian Lombardy;
Settore M-STO/02 - Storia Moderna
Settore SPS/10 - Sociologia dell'Ambiente e del Territorio
apr-2024
https://www.historiaagraria.com/en/issues/alessandra_dattero-rationalization_privatization_and_sustainability_debates_and_reforms_involving_management_of_the_lombard_forests_in_the_18th_century_
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1042510
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