Heavy precipitation (HP) constitutes a major me- teorological threat in the western Mediterranean (WMed). Every year, recurrent events affect the area with fatal conse- quences for infrastructure and personal losses. Despite this being a well-known issue widely investigated in the past, open questions still remain. Particularly, the understanding of the underlying mechanisms and the modeling represen- tation of the events must be improved. One of the major goals of the Hydrological Cycle in the Mediterranean Ex- periment (HyMeX; 2010–2020) has been to advance knowl- edge on this topic. In this article, we present an overview of the most recent lessons learned from HyMeX towards an im- proved understanding of the mechanisms leading to HP in the WMed. The unique network of instruments deployed as well as the use of finer model resolutions and coupled models provided an unprecedented opportunity to validate numerical model simulations, develop improved parameterizations, and design high-resolution ensemble modeling approaches and sophisti- cated assimilation techniques across scales. All in all, HyMeX, and particularly the science team heavy precipitation, favored the evidencing of theoretical results, the enrichment of our knowledge on the genesis and evo- lution of convection in a complex topography environment, and the improvement of precipitation forecasts. Illustratively, the intervention of cyclones and warm conveyor belts in the occurrence of heavy precipitation has been pointed out, and the crucial role of the spatiotemporal distribution of at- mospheric water vapor for the understanding and accurate forecast of the timing and location of deep convection has been evidenced, as has the complex interaction among pro- cesses across scales. The importance of soil and ocean con- ditions and the interactions among systems were highlighted, and such systems were specifically developed in the frame- work of HyMeX to improve the realism of weather forecasts. Furthermore, the benefits of cross-disciplinary efforts within HyMeX have been a key asset in bringing our knowledge about heavy precipitation in the Mediterranean region a step forward.

Overview towards improved understanding of the mechanisms leading to heavy precipitation in the western Mediterranean: Lessons learned from HyMeX / S. Khodayar, S. Davolio, P. Di Girolamo, C. Lebeaupin Brossier, E. Flaounas, N. Fourrie, K.O. Lee, D. Ricard, B. Vie, F. Bouttier, A. Caldas-Alvarez, V. Ducrocq. - In: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. - ISSN 1680-7316. - 21:22(2021 Nov 24), pp. 17051-17078. [10.5194/acp-21-17051-2021]

Overview towards improved understanding of the mechanisms leading to heavy precipitation in the western Mediterranean: Lessons learned from HyMeX

S. Davolio
Secondo
;
2021

Abstract

Heavy precipitation (HP) constitutes a major me- teorological threat in the western Mediterranean (WMed). Every year, recurrent events affect the area with fatal conse- quences for infrastructure and personal losses. Despite this being a well-known issue widely investigated in the past, open questions still remain. Particularly, the understanding of the underlying mechanisms and the modeling represen- tation of the events must be improved. One of the major goals of the Hydrological Cycle in the Mediterranean Ex- periment (HyMeX; 2010–2020) has been to advance knowl- edge on this topic. In this article, we present an overview of the most recent lessons learned from HyMeX towards an im- proved understanding of the mechanisms leading to HP in the WMed. The unique network of instruments deployed as well as the use of finer model resolutions and coupled models provided an unprecedented opportunity to validate numerical model simulations, develop improved parameterizations, and design high-resolution ensemble modeling approaches and sophisti- cated assimilation techniques across scales. All in all, HyMeX, and particularly the science team heavy precipitation, favored the evidencing of theoretical results, the enrichment of our knowledge on the genesis and evo- lution of convection in a complex topography environment, and the improvement of precipitation forecasts. Illustratively, the intervention of cyclones and warm conveyor belts in the occurrence of heavy precipitation has been pointed out, and the crucial role of the spatiotemporal distribution of at- mospheric water vapor for the understanding and accurate forecast of the timing and location of deep convection has been evidenced, as has the complex interaction among pro- cesses across scales. The importance of soil and ocean con- ditions and the interactions among systems were highlighted, and such systems were specifically developed in the frame- work of HyMeX to improve the realism of weather forecasts. Furthermore, the benefits of cross-disciplinary efforts within HyMeX have been a key asset in bringing our knowledge about heavy precipitation in the Mediterranean region a step forward.
Settore GEO/12 - Oceanografia e Fisica dell'Atmosfera
Settore FIS/06 - Fisica per il Sistema Terra e Il Mezzo Circumterrestre
24-nov-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1041129
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