Background: Bronchopneumonia (BP) in calves potentially causes systemic changes. Objectives: To describe metabolic, arterial blood gas, and acid-base disorders in calves with BP diagnosed by thoracic ultrasound (TUS), Wisconsin score (WISC), and combinations of WISC and TUS. Animals: Two hundred thirty-one dairy preweaned dairy calves from 13 dairy farms. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Each calf sequentially underwent arterial blood gas evaluation, WISC score, venous sampling, and TUS. Calves were grouped based on a single diagnostic method and combination of WISC and 2 TUS cutoffs (≥1 cm; ≥3 cm) as healthy, upper respiratory tract infection, subclinical BP, and clinical BP. Results: Oxygenation and acid-base variables were unaffected. Glucose concentration in TUS-affected calves was significantly lower (P < .001) than in healthy calves (median ≥TUS1cm  = 5.2 mmol/L 25%-75% interquartile range [IQR] 4.5-6.1,

Blood gases, acid‐base, and metabolic alterations in calves with bronchopneumonia diagnosed via clinical signs and thoracic ultrasonography: A cross‐sectional study / A. Boccardo, V. Ferrulli, G. Sala, D. Scavone, S. Paltrinieri, L. Filippone Pavesi, D. Pravettoni. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-6640. - (2024), pp. 1-9. [10.1111/jvim.17039]

Blood gases, acid‐base, and metabolic alterations in calves with bronchopneumonia diagnosed via clinical signs and thoracic ultrasonography: A cross‐sectional study

A. Boccardo
Primo
;
V. Ferrulli;G. Sala
;
D. Scavone;S. Paltrinieri;L. Filippone Pavesi
Penultimo
;
D. Pravettoni
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Background: Bronchopneumonia (BP) in calves potentially causes systemic changes. Objectives: To describe metabolic, arterial blood gas, and acid-base disorders in calves with BP diagnosed by thoracic ultrasound (TUS), Wisconsin score (WISC), and combinations of WISC and TUS. Animals: Two hundred thirty-one dairy preweaned dairy calves from 13 dairy farms. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Each calf sequentially underwent arterial blood gas evaluation, WISC score, venous sampling, and TUS. Calves were grouped based on a single diagnostic method and combination of WISC and 2 TUS cutoffs (≥1 cm; ≥3 cm) as healthy, upper respiratory tract infection, subclinical BP, and clinical BP. Results: Oxygenation and acid-base variables were unaffected. Glucose concentration in TUS-affected calves was significantly lower (P < .001) than in healthy calves (median ≥TUS1cm  = 5.2 mmol/L 25%-75% interquartile range [IQR] 4.5-6.1,
blood gas analysis; calves; clinical signs; respiratory disease; thoracic ultrasonography
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
2024
19-mar-2024
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jvim.17039
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1040852
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