Echinoderms (starfish, sea-urchins and their close relations) possess a unique type of collagenous tissue that is innervated by the motor nervous system and whose mechanical properties, such as tensile strength and elastic stiffness, can be altered in a time frame of seconds. Intensive research on echinoderm 'mutable collagenous tissue' (MCT) began over 50 years ago, and over 20 years ago, MCT first inspired a biomimetic design. MCT, and sea-cucumber dermis in particular, is now a major source of ideas for the development of new mechanically adaptable materials and devices with applications in diverse areas including biomedical science, chemical engineering and robotics. In this review, after an up-to-date account of present knowledge of the structural, physiological and molecular adaptations of MCT and the mechanisms responsible for its variable tensile properties, we focus on MCT as a concept generator surveying biomimetic systems inspired by MCT biology, showing that these include both bio-derived developments (same function, analogous operating principles) and technology-derived developments (same function, different operating principles), and suggest a strategy for the further exploitation of this promising biological resource.

Mutable Collagenous Tissue: A Concept Generator for Biomimetic Materials and Devices / M.D. Candia Carnevali, M. Sugni, F. Bonasoro, I.C. Wilkie. - In: MARINE DRUGS. - ISSN 1660-3397. - 22:1(2024 Jan 07), pp. 37.1-37.27. [10.3390/md22010037]

Mutable Collagenous Tissue: A Concept Generator for Biomimetic Materials and Devices

M. Sugni
Secondo
;
F. Bonasoro
Penultimo
;
2024

Abstract

Echinoderms (starfish, sea-urchins and their close relations) possess a unique type of collagenous tissue that is innervated by the motor nervous system and whose mechanical properties, such as tensile strength and elastic stiffness, can be altered in a time frame of seconds. Intensive research on echinoderm 'mutable collagenous tissue' (MCT) began over 50 years ago, and over 20 years ago, MCT first inspired a biomimetic design. MCT, and sea-cucumber dermis in particular, is now a major source of ideas for the development of new mechanically adaptable materials and devices with applications in diverse areas including biomedical science, chemical engineering and robotics. In this review, after an up-to-date account of present knowledge of the structural, physiological and molecular adaptations of MCT and the mechanisms responsible for its variable tensile properties, we focus on MCT as a concept generator surveying biomimetic systems inspired by MCT biology, showing that these include both bio-derived developments (same function, analogous operating principles) and technology-derived developments (same function, different operating principles), and suggest a strategy for the further exploitation of this promising biological resource.
biomimetic nanocomposites; collagen; juxtaligamental cell; mechanically tunable implants; proteoglycan; soft actuators; soft robotics; stimuli-responsive material; tensilin
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
7-gen-2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1040657
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