Pressurized cells with strong walls make up the hydrostatic skeleton of plants. Assembly and expansion of such stressed walls depend on a family of secreted RAPID ALKALINIZATION FACTOR (RALF) peptides, which bind both a membrane receptor complex and wall-localized LEUCINE-RICH REPEAT EXTENSIN (LRXs) in a mutually exclusive way. Here we show that, in root hairs, the RALF22 peptide has a dual structural and signalling role in cell expansion. Together with LRX1, it directs the compaction of charged pectin polymers at the root hair tip into periodic circumferential rings. Free RALF22 induces the formation of a complex with LORELEI-LIKE-GPI-ANCHORED PROTEIN 1 and FERONIA, triggering adaptive cellular responses. These findings show how a peptide simultaneously functions as a structural component organizing cell wall architecture and as a feedback signalling molecule that regulates this process depending on its interaction partners. This mechanism may also underlie wall assembly and expansion in other plant cell types.

Rapid alkalinization factor 22 has a structural and signalling role in root hair cell wall assembly / S. Schoenaers, H.K. Lee, M. Gonneau, E. Faucher, T. Levasseur, E. Akary, N. Claeijs, S. Moussu, C. Broyart, D. Balcerowicz, H. Abdelgawad, A. Bassi, D.S.C. Damineli, A. Costa, J.A. Feijó, C. Moreau, E. Bonnin, B. Cathala, J. Santiago, H. Höfte, K. Vissenberg. - In: NATURE PLANTS. - ISSN 2055-0278. - (2024), pp. 1-18. [10.1038/s41477-024-01637-8]

Rapid alkalinization factor 22 has a structural and signalling role in root hair cell wall assembly

A. Costa
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2024

Abstract

Pressurized cells with strong walls make up the hydrostatic skeleton of plants. Assembly and expansion of such stressed walls depend on a family of secreted RAPID ALKALINIZATION FACTOR (RALF) peptides, which bind both a membrane receptor complex and wall-localized LEUCINE-RICH REPEAT EXTENSIN (LRXs) in a mutually exclusive way. Here we show that, in root hairs, the RALF22 peptide has a dual structural and signalling role in cell expansion. Together with LRX1, it directs the compaction of charged pectin polymers at the root hair tip into periodic circumferential rings. Free RALF22 induces the formation of a complex with LORELEI-LIKE-GPI-ANCHORED PROTEIN 1 and FERONIA, triggering adaptive cellular responses. These findings show how a peptide simultaneously functions as a structural component organizing cell wall architecture and as a feedback signalling molecule that regulates this process depending on its interaction partners. This mechanism may also underlie wall assembly and expansion in other plant cell types.
Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale
2024
11-mar-2024
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41477-024-01637-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1038918
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