Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a multifactorial and severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive memory decline, the presence of Aβ plaques and tau tangles, brain atrophy, and neuronal loss. Available therapies provide moderate symptomatic relief but do not alter disease progression. This study demonstrated that PaPE-1, which has been designed to selectively activate non-nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs), has anti-AD capacity, as evidenced in a cellular model of the disease. In this model, the treatment of mouse neocortical neurons with Aβ (5 and 10 μM) induced apoptosis (loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, activation of caspase-3, induction of apoptosis-related genes and proteins) accompanied by increases in levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as well as reduced cell viability. Following 24 h of exposure, PaPE-1 inhibited Aβ-evoked effects, as shown by reduced parameters of neurotoxicity, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Because PaPE-1 downregulated Aβ-induced Fas/FAS expression but upregulated that of Aβ-induced FasL, the role of PaPE-1 in controlling the external apoptotic pathway is controversial. However, PaPE-1 normalized Aβ-induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and restored the BAX/BCL2 ratio, suggesting that the anti-AD capacity of PaPE-1 particularly relies on inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. These data provide new evidence for an anti-AD strategy that utilizes the selective targeting of non-nuclear ERs with PaPE-1.

Selective Targeting of Non-nuclear Estrogen Receptors with PaPE-1 as a New Treatment Strategy for Alzheimer’s Disease / A. Wnuk, K. Przepiorska, J. Rzemieniec, B. Pietrzak, M. Kajta. - In: NEUROTOXICITY RESEARCH. - ISSN 1029-8428. - 38:4(2020 Dec), pp. 957-966. [10.1007/s12640-020-00289-8]

Selective Targeting of Non-nuclear Estrogen Receptors with PaPE-1 as a New Treatment Strategy for Alzheimer’s Disease

J. Rzemieniec;
2020

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a multifactorial and severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive memory decline, the presence of Aβ plaques and tau tangles, brain atrophy, and neuronal loss. Available therapies provide moderate symptomatic relief but do not alter disease progression. This study demonstrated that PaPE-1, which has been designed to selectively activate non-nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs), has anti-AD capacity, as evidenced in a cellular model of the disease. In this model, the treatment of mouse neocortical neurons with Aβ (5 and 10 μM) induced apoptosis (loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, activation of caspase-3, induction of apoptosis-related genes and proteins) accompanied by increases in levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as well as reduced cell viability. Following 24 h of exposure, PaPE-1 inhibited Aβ-evoked effects, as shown by reduced parameters of neurotoxicity, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Because PaPE-1 downregulated Aβ-induced Fas/FAS expression but upregulated that of Aβ-induced FasL, the role of PaPE-1 in controlling the external apoptotic pathway is controversial. However, PaPE-1 normalized Aβ-induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and restored the BAX/BCL2 ratio, suggesting that the anti-AD capacity of PaPE-1 particularly relies on inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. These data provide new evidence for an anti-AD strategy that utilizes the selective targeting of non-nuclear ERs with PaPE-1.
Alzheimer’s disease; Estrogen receptors; Neurodegeneration; Neuroprotection; Non-nuclear ERs
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
dic-2020
6-ott-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1037168
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