: This narrative review focuses on clinical applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in musculoskeletal imaging. A range of musculoskeletal disorders are discussed using a clinical-based approach, including trauma, bone age estimation, osteoarthritis, bone and soft-tissue tumors, and orthopedic implant-related pathology. Several AI algorithms have been applied to fracture detection and classification, which are potentially helpful tools for radiologists and clinicians. In bone age assessment, AI methods have been applied to assist radiologists by automatizing workflow, thus reducing workload and inter-observer variability. AI may potentially aid radiologists in identifying and grading abnormal findings of osteoarthritis as well as predicting the onset or progression of this disease. Either alone or combined with radiomics, AI algorithms may potentially improve diagnosis and outcome prediction of bone and soft-tissue tumors. Finally, information regarding appropriate positioning of orthopedic implants and related complications may be obtained using AI algorithms. In conclusion, rather than replacing radiologists, the use of AI should instead help them to optimize workflow, augment diagnostic performance, and keep up with ever-increasing workload.Relevance statement This narrative review provides an overview of AI applications in musculoskeletal imaging. As the number of AI technologies continues to increase, it will be crucial for radiologists to play a role in their selection and application as well as to fully understand their potential value in clinical practice. Key points • AI may potentially assist musculoskeletal radiologists in several interpretative tasks.• AI applications to trauma, age estimation, osteoarthritis, tumors, and orthopedic implants are discussed.• AI should help radiologists to optimize workflow and augment diagnostic performance.

AI applications in musculoskeletal imaging: a narrative review / S. Gitto, F. Serpi, D. Albano, G. Risoleo, S. Fusco, C. Messina, L.M. Sconfienza. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL. - ISSN 2509-9280. - 8:1(2024), pp. 22.1-22.12. [10.1186/s41747-024-00422-8]

AI applications in musculoskeletal imaging: a narrative review

S. Gitto
Primo
;
F. Serpi
Secondo
;
D. Albano;G. Risoleo;S. Fusco;C. Messina;L.M. Sconfienza
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

: This narrative review focuses on clinical applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in musculoskeletal imaging. A range of musculoskeletal disorders are discussed using a clinical-based approach, including trauma, bone age estimation, osteoarthritis, bone and soft-tissue tumors, and orthopedic implant-related pathology. Several AI algorithms have been applied to fracture detection and classification, which are potentially helpful tools for radiologists and clinicians. In bone age assessment, AI methods have been applied to assist radiologists by automatizing workflow, thus reducing workload and inter-observer variability. AI may potentially aid radiologists in identifying and grading abnormal findings of osteoarthritis as well as predicting the onset or progression of this disease. Either alone or combined with radiomics, AI algorithms may potentially improve diagnosis and outcome prediction of bone and soft-tissue tumors. Finally, information regarding appropriate positioning of orthopedic implants and related complications may be obtained using AI algorithms. In conclusion, rather than replacing radiologists, the use of AI should instead help them to optimize workflow, augment diagnostic performance, and keep up with ever-increasing workload.Relevance statement This narrative review provides an overview of AI applications in musculoskeletal imaging. As the number of AI technologies continues to increase, it will be crucial for radiologists to play a role in their selection and application as well as to fully understand their potential value in clinical practice. Key points • AI may potentially assist musculoskeletal radiologists in several interpretative tasks.• AI applications to trauma, age estimation, osteoarthritis, tumors, and orthopedic implants are discussed.• AI should help radiologists to optimize workflow and augment diagnostic performance.
Artificial intelligence; Bone neoplasms; Fractures (bone); Musculoskeletal diseases; Osteoarthritis
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1029629
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