Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) frequently co-occurs with various psychiatric conditions and may impact as many as one-fifth of individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD). Despite the expanding body of literature on the coexistence of OCD and BD, there is a notable lack of comprehensive data pertaining to the distinct features of obsessive-compulsive symptoms that define this comorbidity. To bridge this knowledge gap, we conducted a systematic search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, and PsycINFO until August 7th, 2023. We performed random-effects meta-analyses to compare individuals with both OCD and BD to those with OCD in terms of OCD symptomatology as well as the specific categories of obsessions and compulsions. Out of the 10,393 records initially screened, 17 studies were ultimately incorporated into the qualitative assessment, with 15 of them being included in the quantitative analysis. Individuals with OCD and BD experienced fewer lifetime contamination obsessions (OR=0.71; 95 %CI=0.53, 0.95; p = 0.021) and more sexual obsessions (OR=1.77; 95 %CI=1.03, 3.04; p = 0.04) compared to individuals with OCD without BD. No significant difference was observed for other types of obsessions or compulsions or for the severity of OCD symptoms, although BD type may play a role according to meta-regression analyses. The detection of the presence of sexual or contamination obsessions through a detailed interview may be the focus of clinical attention when assessing OCD in the context of comorbid BD. Sub-phenotyping complex clinical presentation of comorbid psychiatric disorders can aid in making more informed decisions when choosing an appropriate treatment approach.

Clinical features in co-occuring obsessive-compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis / M. De Prisco, C. Tapoi, V. Oliva, C. Possidente, R. Strumila, C. Takami Lageborn, L. Bracco, N. Girone, M. Macellaro, E. Vieta, G. Fico. - In: EUROPEAN NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0924-977X. - 80:(2024), pp. 14-24. [10.1016/j.euroneuro.2023.11.006]

Clinical features in co-occuring obsessive-compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis

L. Bracco;N. Girone;M. Macellaro;
2024

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) frequently co-occurs with various psychiatric conditions and may impact as many as one-fifth of individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD). Despite the expanding body of literature on the coexistence of OCD and BD, there is a notable lack of comprehensive data pertaining to the distinct features of obsessive-compulsive symptoms that define this comorbidity. To bridge this knowledge gap, we conducted a systematic search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, and PsycINFO until August 7th, 2023. We performed random-effects meta-analyses to compare individuals with both OCD and BD to those with OCD in terms of OCD symptomatology as well as the specific categories of obsessions and compulsions. Out of the 10,393 records initially screened, 17 studies were ultimately incorporated into the qualitative assessment, with 15 of them being included in the quantitative analysis. Individuals with OCD and BD experienced fewer lifetime contamination obsessions (OR=0.71; 95 %CI=0.53, 0.95; p = 0.021) and more sexual obsessions (OR=1.77; 95 %CI=1.03, 3.04; p = 0.04) compared to individuals with OCD without BD. No significant difference was observed for other types of obsessions or compulsions or for the severity of OCD symptoms, although BD type may play a role according to meta-regression analyses. The detection of the presence of sexual or contamination obsessions through a detailed interview may be the focus of clinical attention when assessing OCD in the context of comorbid BD. Sub-phenotyping complex clinical presentation of comorbid psychiatric disorders can aid in making more informed decisions when choosing an appropriate treatment approach.
Bipolar disorder; Comorbidity; Contamination obsession; Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Precision psychiatry; Sexual obsession
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1029057
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