Widely spread in response to the food shortages of the war period, factory canteens decreased in number but did not disappear during the following years. In fact, these structures continued to provide a welfare service for white-collar and factory workers, operating in accordance with traditional and largely empirical models and criteria. (i.e. little variety of meals, table service, reconverted lounges filled with long tables and benches). During 1950s and 1960s, Italy experienced an economic growth of unprecedented intensity (the so-called economic boom) that profoundly changed social structures and consumption patterns. In this phase, factory canteens definitively became part of the industrial landscape, also thanks to the pioneering action of some large companies (Pirelli, Eni and Olivetti). In fact, the development of production processes and personnel management techniques, as well as the growth of the industrial plants, lead to a quantitative and organizational leap of the canteens. The aim of the paper is to examine the adoption and diffusion of self-service distribution system in factory canteens, a topic largely neglected by historiography. In this view, self-service constituted a fundamental innovation: initially perceived as an authentic technological and organizational revolution, in the following decades it became the standard system for distributing meals in canteens. In addition, identifying the reasons for the emergence of self-service also means analyzing its operational and nutritional implications. Finally, particular attention will be paid to the attitudes and strategies of the main social actors involved in this process (companies and workers).

The Self-Service Revolution in Italian Factory Canteens, 1950-1970 / M. Rota. ((Intervento presentato al 7. convegno Conférence Internationale d'Histoire et des Cultures de l'Alimentation tenutosi a Tours nel 2022.

The Self-Service Revolution in Italian Factory Canteens, 1950-1970

M. Rota
2022

Abstract

Widely spread in response to the food shortages of the war period, factory canteens decreased in number but did not disappear during the following years. In fact, these structures continued to provide a welfare service for white-collar and factory workers, operating in accordance with traditional and largely empirical models and criteria. (i.e. little variety of meals, table service, reconverted lounges filled with long tables and benches). During 1950s and 1960s, Italy experienced an economic growth of unprecedented intensity (the so-called economic boom) that profoundly changed social structures and consumption patterns. In this phase, factory canteens definitively became part of the industrial landscape, also thanks to the pioneering action of some large companies (Pirelli, Eni and Olivetti). In fact, the development of production processes and personnel management techniques, as well as the growth of the industrial plants, lead to a quantitative and organizational leap of the canteens. The aim of the paper is to examine the adoption and diffusion of self-service distribution system in factory canteens, a topic largely neglected by historiography. In this view, self-service constituted a fundamental innovation: initially perceived as an authentic technological and organizational revolution, in the following decades it became the standard system for distributing meals in canteens. In addition, identifying the reasons for the emergence of self-service also means analyzing its operational and nutritional implications. Finally, particular attention will be paid to the attitudes and strategies of the main social actors involved in this process (companies and workers).
2-giu-2022
Settore M-STO/04 - Storia Contemporanea
Settore SECS-P/12 - Storia Economica
Institut Européen d’Histoire et des Cultures de l’Alimentation
Université François Rabelais-Tours
The Self-Service Revolution in Italian Factory Canteens, 1950-1970 / M. Rota. ((Intervento presentato al 7. convegno Conférence Internationale d'Histoire et des Cultures de l'Alimentation tenutosi a Tours nel 2022.
Conference Object
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
The+Self-Service+Revolution_+Tours.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Altro
Dimensione 152.26 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
152.26 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1028118
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact