In this work, we constructed a multifunctional composite nanostructure for combined magnetic hyperthermia therapy and magnetic resonance imaging based on T1 and T2 signals. First, iron oxide nanocubes with a benchmark heating efficiency for magnetic hyperthermia were assembled within an amphiphilic polymer to form magnetic nanobeads. Next, poly(acrylic acid)-coated inorganic sodium gadolinium fluoride nanoparticles were electrostatically loaded onto the magnetic nanobead surface via a layer-by-layer approach by employing a positively charged enzymatic-cleavable biopolymer. The positive-negative multilayering process was validated through the changes occurring in surface ζ-potential values and structural characterization by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging. These nanostructures exhibit an efficient heating profile, in terms of the specific absorption rates under clinically accepted magnetic field conditions. The addition of protease enzyme mediates the degradation of the surface layers of the nanostructures with the detachment of gadolinium nanoparticles from the magnetic beads and exposure to the aqueous environment. Such a process is associated with changes in the T1 relaxation time and contrast and a parallel decrease in the T2 signal. These structures are also nontoxic when tested on glioblastoma tumor cells up to a maximum gadolinium dose of 125 μg mL-1, which also corresponds to a iron dose of 52 μg mL-1. Nontoxic nanostructures with such enzyme-triggered release mechanisms and T1 signal enhancement are desirable for tracking tumor microenvironment release with remote T1-guidance and magnetic hyperthermia therapy actuation to be done at the diseased site upon verification of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided release.

Protease-Mediated T1 Contrast Enhancement of Multilayered Magneto-Gadolinium Nanostructures for Imaging and Magnetic Hyperthermia / S.K. Avugadda, N. Soni, E.M. Rodrigues, S. Persano, T. Pellegrino. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - 16:6(2024), pp. 6743-6755. [10.1021/acsami.3c13914]

Protease-Mediated T1 Contrast Enhancement of Multilayered Magneto-Gadolinium Nanostructures for Imaging and Magnetic Hyperthermia

S. Persano
Penultimo
;
2024

Abstract

In this work, we constructed a multifunctional composite nanostructure for combined magnetic hyperthermia therapy and magnetic resonance imaging based on T1 and T2 signals. First, iron oxide nanocubes with a benchmark heating efficiency for magnetic hyperthermia were assembled within an amphiphilic polymer to form magnetic nanobeads. Next, poly(acrylic acid)-coated inorganic sodium gadolinium fluoride nanoparticles were electrostatically loaded onto the magnetic nanobead surface via a layer-by-layer approach by employing a positively charged enzymatic-cleavable biopolymer. The positive-negative multilayering process was validated through the changes occurring in surface ζ-potential values and structural characterization by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging. These nanostructures exhibit an efficient heating profile, in terms of the specific absorption rates under clinically accepted magnetic field conditions. The addition of protease enzyme mediates the degradation of the surface layers of the nanostructures with the detachment of gadolinium nanoparticles from the magnetic beads and exposure to the aqueous environment. Such a process is associated with changes in the T1 relaxation time and contrast and a parallel decrease in the T2 signal. These structures are also nontoxic when tested on glioblastoma tumor cells up to a maximum gadolinium dose of 125 μg mL-1, which also corresponds to a iron dose of 52 μg mL-1. Nontoxic nanostructures with such enzyme-triggered release mechanisms and T1 signal enhancement are desirable for tracking tumor microenvironment release with remote T1-guidance and magnetic hyperthermia therapy actuation to be done at the diseased site upon verification of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided release.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI); nanomedicine, nanoparticles; iron oxide nanocubes; magnetic hyperthermia;
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1027940
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