Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) have shown cardiovascular benefits in cardiovascular outcome trials in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the most convincing evidence was obtained in subjects with established cardiovascular (CV) disease. We analyzed the determinants of GLP-1 RA-mediated CV protection in a real-world population of persons with type 2 diabetes with and without a history of CV events with long-term follow-up. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 550 individuals with type 2 diabetes (395 in primary CV prevention, 155 in secondary CV prevention), followed at a single center after the first prescription of a GLP-1 RA between 2009 and 2019. CV and metabolic outcomes were assessed. Results: Median duration of follow-up was 5.0 years (0.25-10.8) in primary prevention and 3.6 years (0-10.3) in secondary prevention, with a median duration of treatment of 3.2 years (0-10.8) and 2.5 years (0-10.3) respectively. In the multivariable Cox regression model considering GLP-1 RA treatment as a time-dependent covariate, in the primary prevention group, changes in BMI and glycated hemoglobin did not have an impact on MACE risk, while age at the time of GLP-1 initiation (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.14, p = 0.001) and GLP-1 RA cessation by time (HR 3.40, 95% CI 1.82-6.32, p < 0.001) increased the risk of MACE. Regarding the secondary prevention group, only GLP-1 RA cessation by time (HR 2.71, 95% CI 1.46-5.01, p = 0.002) increased the risk of MACE. With respect to those who withdrew treatment, subjects who continued the GLP-1 RA had significantly greater weight loss and lower glycated hemoglobin levels during follow-up. Conclusions: In this real-world type 2 diabetes population, discontinuation of GLP-1 RA treatment was associated to a higher risk of major cardiovascular events, in both subjects with and without a history of CV events.

Time-dependent effect of GLP-1 receptor agonists on cardiovascular benefits: a real-world study / S. Piccini, G. Favacchio, C. Panico, E. Morenghi, F. Folli, G. Mazziotti, A.G. Lania, M. Mirani. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY. - ISSN 1475-2840. - 22:1(2023), pp. 69.1-69.14. [10.1186/s12933-023-01800-z]

Time-dependent effect of GLP-1 receptor agonists on cardiovascular benefits: a real-world study

E. Morenghi;F. Folli;A.G. Lania
Penultimo
;
M. Mirani
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) have shown cardiovascular benefits in cardiovascular outcome trials in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the most convincing evidence was obtained in subjects with established cardiovascular (CV) disease. We analyzed the determinants of GLP-1 RA-mediated CV protection in a real-world population of persons with type 2 diabetes with and without a history of CV events with long-term follow-up. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 550 individuals with type 2 diabetes (395 in primary CV prevention, 155 in secondary CV prevention), followed at a single center after the first prescription of a GLP-1 RA between 2009 and 2019. CV and metabolic outcomes were assessed. Results: Median duration of follow-up was 5.0 years (0.25-10.8) in primary prevention and 3.6 years (0-10.3) in secondary prevention, with a median duration of treatment of 3.2 years (0-10.8) and 2.5 years (0-10.3) respectively. In the multivariable Cox regression model considering GLP-1 RA treatment as a time-dependent covariate, in the primary prevention group, changes in BMI and glycated hemoglobin did not have an impact on MACE risk, while age at the time of GLP-1 initiation (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.14, p = 0.001) and GLP-1 RA cessation by time (HR 3.40, 95% CI 1.82-6.32, p < 0.001) increased the risk of MACE. Regarding the secondary prevention group, only GLP-1 RA cessation by time (HR 2.71, 95% CI 1.46-5.01, p = 0.002) increased the risk of MACE. With respect to those who withdrew treatment, subjects who continued the GLP-1 RA had significantly greater weight loss and lower glycated hemoglobin levels during follow-up. Conclusions: In this real-world type 2 diabetes population, discontinuation of GLP-1 RA treatment was associated to a higher risk of major cardiovascular events, in both subjects with and without a history of CV events.
Cardiovascular events; Diabetes; GLP-1 receptor agonists; Real-world
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1026677
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