Background: The anatomical and functional characteristics of the placenta influence the adaptive ability of the fetus to the extrauterine environment. Placental efficiency, measured as the gram of neonate produced by each gram of placenta, summarizes these characteristics. In the present study, placental efficiency and its impact on the 7-day postpartum life of the puppies were studied in canine large breeds. Methods: Placental efficiency (PE) was computed using chorioallantois weight (WPE) and surface (SPE) efficiency for puppies born from natural delivery or elective cesarean section. Capillary density was also histologically determined. Neonate viability was estimated by the APGAR score and the daily weight gain (DWG) was recorded on day 7 after delivery. Results: from 15 large-breed bitches, 69 live puppies were born by natural delivery (24 puppies) and elective cesarean section (45 puppies). Cluster analysis detected a group of neonates for which reduced placental efficiency (8 for the WPE, 9 for the SPE) was identified, despite a placental weight and surface within the mean and no difference in capillary density. In this group, the DWG was lower and the mortality within 7 days was higher. Conclusions: the results suggest that placental efficiency could be an additional tool for the evaluation of a puppy in the first 7 days after delivery.

Does Placental Efficiency and Vascularization Affect Puppy Health? A Study in Boxer and Dobermann Dogs / A. Gloria, M. Veronesi, A. Contri. - In: JOURNAL OF ANIMALS. - ISSN 2314-825X. - 2024:14(2024 Jan), pp. 423.1-423.13. [10.3390/ani14030423]

Does Placental Efficiency and Vascularization Affect Puppy Health? A Study in Boxer and Dobermann Dogs

M. Veronesi
Secondo
;
2024

Abstract

Background: The anatomical and functional characteristics of the placenta influence the adaptive ability of the fetus to the extrauterine environment. Placental efficiency, measured as the gram of neonate produced by each gram of placenta, summarizes these characteristics. In the present study, placental efficiency and its impact on the 7-day postpartum life of the puppies were studied in canine large breeds. Methods: Placental efficiency (PE) was computed using chorioallantois weight (WPE) and surface (SPE) efficiency for puppies born from natural delivery or elective cesarean section. Capillary density was also histologically determined. Neonate viability was estimated by the APGAR score and the daily weight gain (DWG) was recorded on day 7 after delivery. Results: from 15 large-breed bitches, 69 live puppies were born by natural delivery (24 puppies) and elective cesarean section (45 puppies). Cluster analysis detected a group of neonates for which reduced placental efficiency (8 for the WPE, 9 for the SPE) was identified, despite a placental weight and surface within the mean and no difference in capillary density. In this group, the DWG was lower and the mortality within 7 days was higher. Conclusions: the results suggest that placental efficiency could be an additional tool for the evaluation of a puppy in the first 7 days after delivery.
dog; puppy; placenta; placental efficiency; vascular density
Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria
gen-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1026271
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