In patients with low-risk polycythemia vera, exposure to low-dose Ropeginterferon alfa-2b (Ropeg) 100 µg every 2 weeks for 2 years was more effective than the standard treatment of therapeutic phlebotomy in maintaining target hematocrit (HCT) (< 45%) with a reduction in the need for phlebotomy without disease progression. In the present paper, we analyzed drug survival, defined as a surrogate measure of the efficacy, safety, adherence, and tolerability of Ropeg in patients followed up to 5 years. During the first 2 years, Ropeg and phlebotomy-only (Phl-O) were discontinued in 33% and 70% of patients, respectively, for lack of response (12 in the Ropeg arm vs. 34 in the Phl-O arm) or adverse events (6 vs. 0) and withdrawal of consent in (3 vs. 10). Thirty-six Ropeg responders continued the drug for up to 3 years, and the probability of drug survival after a median of 3.15 years was 59%. Notably, the primary composite endpoint was maintained in 97%, 94%, and 94% of patients still on drug at 3, 4, and 5 years, respectively, and 60% of cases were phlebotomy-free. Twenty-three of 63 Phl-O patients (37%) failed the primary endpoint and were crossed over to Ropeg; among the risk factors for this failure, the need for more than three bloodletting procedures in the first 6 months emerged as the most important determinant. In conclusion, to improve the effectiveness of Ropeg, we suggest increasing the dose and using it earlier driven by high phlebotomy need in the first 6 months post-diagnosis.

Ropeginterferon phase 2 randomized study in low-risk polycythemia vera: 5-year drug survival and efficacy outcomes / T. Barbui, A. Carobbio, V. De Stefano, A. Alvarez-Larran, A. Ghirardi, G. Carioli, F. Fenili, E. Rossi, F. Ciceri, M. Bonifacio, A. Iurlo, F. Palandri, G. Benevolo, F. Pane, A. Ricco, G. Carli, M. Caramella, D. Rapezzi, C. Musolino, S. Siragusa, E. Rumi, A. Patriarca, N. Cascavilla, B. Mora, E. Cacciola, L. Calabresi, G.G. Loscocco, P. Guglielmelli, F. Gesullo, S. Betti, F. Ramundo, F. Lunghi, L. Scaffidi, C. Bucelli, D. Cattaneo, N. Vianelli, M. Bellini, M.C. Finazzi, G. Tognoni, A. Rambaldi, A.M. Vannucchi. - In: ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0939-5555. - 103:2(2024 Feb), pp. 437-442. [10.1007/s00277-023-05577-9]

Ropeginterferon phase 2 randomized study in low-risk polycythemia vera: 5-year drug survival and efficacy outcomes

D. Cattaneo;M.C. Finazzi;A. Rambaldi;
2024

Abstract

In patients with low-risk polycythemia vera, exposure to low-dose Ropeginterferon alfa-2b (Ropeg) 100 µg every 2 weeks for 2 years was more effective than the standard treatment of therapeutic phlebotomy in maintaining target hematocrit (HCT) (< 45%) with a reduction in the need for phlebotomy without disease progression. In the present paper, we analyzed drug survival, defined as a surrogate measure of the efficacy, safety, adherence, and tolerability of Ropeg in patients followed up to 5 years. During the first 2 years, Ropeg and phlebotomy-only (Phl-O) were discontinued in 33% and 70% of patients, respectively, for lack of response (12 in the Ropeg arm vs. 34 in the Phl-O arm) or adverse events (6 vs. 0) and withdrawal of consent in (3 vs. 10). Thirty-six Ropeg responders continued the drug for up to 3 years, and the probability of drug survival after a median of 3.15 years was 59%. Notably, the primary composite endpoint was maintained in 97%, 94%, and 94% of patients still on drug at 3, 4, and 5 years, respectively, and 60% of cases were phlebotomy-free. Twenty-three of 63 Phl-O patients (37%) failed the primary endpoint and were crossed over to Ropeg; among the risk factors for this failure, the need for more than three bloodletting procedures in the first 6 months emerged as the most important determinant. In conclusion, to improve the effectiveness of Ropeg, we suggest increasing the dose and using it earlier driven by high phlebotomy need in the first 6 months post-diagnosis.
Low-risk; Phlebotomy; Polycythemia vera; Ropeginterferon alfa-2b;
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
feb-2024
7-dic-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1026151
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