Chatbot Generative Pre-trained Transformer (ChatGPT)-4 indicated more than twice additional examinations than practitioners in the management of clinical cases in rhinology. The consistency between ChatGPT-4 and practitioner in the indication of additional examinations may significantly vary from one examination to another. The ChatGPT-4 proposed a plausible and correct primary diagnosis in 62.5% cases, while pertinent and necessary additional examinations and therapeutic regimen were indicated in 7.5%-30.0% and 7.5%-32.5% of cases, respectively. The stability of ChatGPT-4 responses is moderate-to-high. The performance of ChatGPT-4 was not influenced by the human-reported level of difficulty of clinical cases.

ChatGPT‐4 performance in rhinology: A clinical case series / T. Radulesco, A.M. Saibene, J. Michel, L.A. Vaira, J.R. Lechien. - In: INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF ALLERGY AND RHINOLOGY. - ISSN 2042-6976. - (2024). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1002/alr.23323]

ChatGPT‐4 performance in rhinology: A clinical case series

A.M. Saibene;
2024

Abstract

Chatbot Generative Pre-trained Transformer (ChatGPT)-4 indicated more than twice additional examinations than practitioners in the management of clinical cases in rhinology. The consistency between ChatGPT-4 and practitioner in the indication of additional examinations may significantly vary from one examination to another. The ChatGPT-4 proposed a plausible and correct primary diagnosis in 62.5% cases, while pertinent and necessary additional examinations and therapeutic regimen were indicated in 7.5%-30.0% and 7.5%-32.5% of cases, respectively. The stability of ChatGPT-4 responses is moderate-to-high. The performance of ChatGPT-4 was not influenced by the human-reported level of difficulty of clinical cases.
ChatGPT-4; artificial intelligence; head neck surgery; otolaryngology; performance; rhinology
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
2024
24-gen-2024
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol - 2024 - Radulesco - ChatGPT‐4 performance in rhinology A clinical case series.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 146.79 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
146.79 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1025717
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact