Purpose: Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is an inherited condition caused by autosomal dominant mutations involving the OPA-1 gene. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between macular ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness obtained from structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual outcomes in DOA patients. Methods: The study recruited 33 patients with confirmed OPA-1 heterozygous mutation and DOA. OCT scans were conducted to measure the GC-IPL thickness. The average and sectorial Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) charts (six-sector macular analysis to enhance the topographical analysis) centered on the fovea were considered. Several regression analyses were carried out to investigate the associations between OCT metrics and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) as the dependent variable. Results: The mean BCVA was 0.43 ± 0.37 logMAR, and the average macular GC-IPL thickness was 43.65 ± 12.56 µm. All of the GC-IPL sectors were significantly reduced and correlated with BCVA. The univariate linear regression and the multivariate stepwise regression modeling showed that the strongest association with final BCVA was observed with the internal superior GC-IPL thickness. Dividing patients based on BCVA, we found a specific pattern. Specifically, in patients with BCVA ≤ 0.3 logMAR, the external superior and inferior sectors together with the internal superior were more significant; whereas, for BCVA > 0.3 logMAR, the external superior sector and internal superior sector were more significant. Conclusions: The study identified OCT biomarkers associated with visual outcomes in DOA patients. Moreover, we assessed a specific OCT biomarker for DOA progression, ranging from patients in the early stages of disease with more preserved GC-IPL sectorial thickness to advanced stages with severe thinning.

Sectorial Ganglion Cell Complex Thickness as Biomarker of Vision Outcome in Patients with Dominant Optic Atrophy / M. Battista, C.P. Coutinho, A. Berni, E. Borrelli, A. Galzignato, G. Lari, L. Checchin, I.C. Pizza, L. Brotto, P. Nucci, F. Bandello, M.L. Cascavilla, P. Barboni. - In: INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1552-5783. - 65:1(2024 Jan 02), pp. 24.1-24.6. [10.1167/iovs.65.1.24]

Sectorial Ganglion Cell Complex Thickness as Biomarker of Vision Outcome in Patients with Dominant Optic Atrophy

L. Brotto;P. Nucci;
2024

Abstract

Purpose: Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is an inherited condition caused by autosomal dominant mutations involving the OPA-1 gene. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between macular ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness obtained from structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual outcomes in DOA patients. Methods: The study recruited 33 patients with confirmed OPA-1 heterozygous mutation and DOA. OCT scans were conducted to measure the GC-IPL thickness. The average and sectorial Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) charts (six-sector macular analysis to enhance the topographical analysis) centered on the fovea were considered. Several regression analyses were carried out to investigate the associations between OCT metrics and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) as the dependent variable. Results: The mean BCVA was 0.43 ± 0.37 logMAR, and the average macular GC-IPL thickness was 43.65 ± 12.56 µm. All of the GC-IPL sectors were significantly reduced and correlated with BCVA. The univariate linear regression and the multivariate stepwise regression modeling showed that the strongest association with final BCVA was observed with the internal superior GC-IPL thickness. Dividing patients based on BCVA, we found a specific pattern. Specifically, in patients with BCVA ≤ 0.3 logMAR, the external superior and inferior sectors together with the internal superior were more significant; whereas, for BCVA > 0.3 logMAR, the external superior sector and internal superior sector were more significant. Conclusions: The study identified OCT biomarkers associated with visual outcomes in DOA patients. Moreover, we assessed a specific OCT biomarker for DOA progression, ranging from patients in the early stages of disease with more preserved GC-IPL sectorial thickness to advanced stages with severe thinning.
dominant optic atrophy; OCT; retinal ganglion cells;
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
2-gen-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1024330
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