Immunotherapy revolutionized the treatment landscape of several cancers, including small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), with a huge number of practice-changing trials, and becoming a new frontier for their management. The addition of an anti-PD-L1, atezolizumab or durvalumab, to platinum/etoposide regimen became the standard of care for first-line therapy of extensive-stage (ES)-SCLC with the 12 months median survival exceeded for the first time. Nevertheless, most patients show primary or acquired resistance to anti-PD-L1 therefore new promising therapeutic immune-targets are under clinical investigation in several solid tumors. Among these, B7-H3, also known as CD276, is a member of the B7 family overexpressed in tumor tissues, including SCLC, while showing limited expression in normal tissues becoming an attractive and promising target for cancer immunotherapy. B7-H3 plays a dual role in the immune system during the T-cell activation, acting as a T-cell costimulatory/coinhibitory immunoregulatory protein, and promoting pro-tumorigenic functions such as tumor migration, invasion, metastases, resistance, and metabolism. Immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence were the most used methods to assess B7-H3 expression levels and validate a possible relationship between B7-H3 staining patterns and clinicopathological features in lung cancer patients. To date, there are no clinically available therapeutics/drugs targeting B7-H3 in any solid tumors. The most promising preliminary clinical results have been reported by DS7300a and HS-20093, both are antibody-drug conjugates, that are under investigation in ongoing trials for the treatment of pretreated SCLC. This review will provide an overview of B7-H3 and corresponding inhibitors and the clinical development in the management of SCLC.

B7-H3/CD276 and small-cell lung cancer: What's new? / F. Fabrizio, L. Muscarella, A. Rossi. - In: TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1936-5233. - 39:(2024), pp. 101801.1-101801.7. [10.1016/j.tranon.2023.101801]

B7-H3/CD276 and small-cell lung cancer: What's new?

F. Fabrizio
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2024

Abstract

Immunotherapy revolutionized the treatment landscape of several cancers, including small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), with a huge number of practice-changing trials, and becoming a new frontier for their management. The addition of an anti-PD-L1, atezolizumab or durvalumab, to platinum/etoposide regimen became the standard of care for first-line therapy of extensive-stage (ES)-SCLC with the 12 months median survival exceeded for the first time. Nevertheless, most patients show primary or acquired resistance to anti-PD-L1 therefore new promising therapeutic immune-targets are under clinical investigation in several solid tumors. Among these, B7-H3, also known as CD276, is a member of the B7 family overexpressed in tumor tissues, including SCLC, while showing limited expression in normal tissues becoming an attractive and promising target for cancer immunotherapy. B7-H3 plays a dual role in the immune system during the T-cell activation, acting as a T-cell costimulatory/coinhibitory immunoregulatory protein, and promoting pro-tumorigenic functions such as tumor migration, invasion, metastases, resistance, and metabolism. Immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence were the most used methods to assess B7-H3 expression levels and validate a possible relationship between B7-H3 staining patterns and clinicopathological features in lung cancer patients. To date, there are no clinically available therapeutics/drugs targeting B7-H3 in any solid tumors. The most promising preliminary clinical results have been reported by DS7300a and HS-20093, both are antibody-drug conjugates, that are under investigation in ongoing trials for the treatment of pretreated SCLC. This review will provide an overview of B7-H3 and corresponding inhibitors and the clinical development in the management of SCLC.
ADC; B7-H3; CD276; DS-7300; HS-20093; SCLC
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
2024
ott-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1023839
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