BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively report clinical outcomes on a consecutive series of older early breast cancer patients treated with once-weekly adjuvant whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 291 patients (298 breasts) were treated with WBRT between 2007 and 2013. Patients were given 6 to 6.5 Gy in 5 weekly fractions (total dose, 32.5-30 Gy) over 5 weeks. Clinical end points were local control (LC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS), and overall survival (OS), and acute and late toxicity and cosmesis. Prognostic clinical variables were assessed with respect to DFS. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 46.5 months (range, 12-84 months). The 3- and 5-year LC rates were 99.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.4-99.9) and 98% (95% CI, 91.1-99.6). The 3- and 5-year CSS and OS were 97.7% (95% CI, 94.5-99.1), 95.3% (95% CI, 90.5-97.7), 94.4% (95% CI, 90.4-96.7), and 83.6% (95% CI, 76.1-88.9), respectively. Maximum detected acute skin toxicity was Grade (G) 0 in 71.8% of patients, G1 in 22.6%, G2 in 4.8%, G3 in 1%, and G4 in 0.3%. Treatment interruption occurred in 2 patients because of severe skin reactions. Late skin toxicity consisted of G1 fibrosis in 31.5% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 3.5%. Grade 1 edema was observed in 7% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 1.4%. G1 telangiectasia occurred in 1.8% and G3 in 0.7%. G1 hyperpigmentation was found in 4.6% of patients, G2 in 2.4%, and G1 atrophy was detected in 2.1%. Pain was observed as G1 in 13%, G2 in 1.8%, and G3 in 0.4%. Cosmetic results were good to excellent in 86.4% and fair to poor in 13.6%. CONCLUSION: Once-weekly hypofractionated WBRT (30-32-5 Gy in 5 fractions), delivered with standard tangential fields with the patient in the supine position seems feasible and effective for a selected population of primarily old breast cancer patients with predominantly low-risk features. This schedule might allow fragile patients to receive adjuvant WBRT after BCS, increasing radiotherapy accessibility and utilization.

Background The purpose of this study was to retrospectively report clinical outcomes on a consecutive series of older early breast cancer patients treated with once-weekly adjuvant whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Patients and Methods A total of 291 patients (298 breasts) were treated with WBRT between 2007 and 2013. Patients were given 6 to 6.5 Gy in 5 weekly fractions (total dose, 32.5-30 Gy) over 5 weeks. Clinical end points were local control (LC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS), and overall survival (OS), and acute and late toxicity and cosmesis. Prognostic clinical variables were assessed with respect to DFS. Results Median follow-up was 46.5 months (range, 12-84 months). The 3- and 5-year LC rates were 99.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.4-99.9) and 98% (95% CI, 91.1-99.6). The 3- and 5-year CSS and OS were 97.7% (95% CI, 94.5-99.1), 95.3% (95% CI, 90.5-97.7), 94.4% (95% CI, 90.4-96.7), and 83.6% (95% CI, 76.1-88.9), respectively. Maximum detected acute skin toxicity was Grade (G) 0 in 71.8% of patients, G1 in 22.6%, G2 in 4.8%, G3 in 1%, and G4 in 0.3%. Treatment interruption occurred in 2 patients because of severe skin reactions. Late skin toxicity consisted of G1 fibrosis in 31.5% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 3.5%. Grade 1 edema was observed in 7% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 1.4%. G1 telangiectasia occurred in 1.8% and G3 in 0.7%. G1 hyperpigmentation was found in 4.6% of patients, G2 in 2.4%, and G1 atrophy was detected in 2.1%. Pain was observed as G1 in 13%, G2 in 1.8%, and G3 in 0.4%. Cosmetic results were good to excellent in 86.4% and fair to poor in 13.6%. Conclusion Once-weekly hypofractionated WBRT (30-32-5 Gy in 5 fractions), delivered with standard tangential fields with the patient in the supine position seems feasible and effective for a selected population of primarily old breast cancer patients with predominantly low-risk features. This schedule might allow fragile patients to receive adjuvant WBRT after BCS, increasing radiotherapy accessibility and utilization.

Once-weekly hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in older patients: A potential alternative treatment schedule to daily 3-week hypofractionation / P. Rovea, A. Fozza, P. Franco, C. De Colle, A. Cannizzaro, A. Di Dio, F. De Monte, C. Rosmino, A.R. Filippi, R. Ragona, U. Ricardi. - In: CLINICAL BREAST CANCER. - ISSN 1526-8209. - 15:4(2015 Aug), pp. 270-276. [10.1016/j.clbc.2014.12.011]

Once-weekly hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in older patients: A potential alternative treatment schedule to daily 3-week hypofractionation

A.R. Filippi;
2015

Abstract

Background The purpose of this study was to retrospectively report clinical outcomes on a consecutive series of older early breast cancer patients treated with once-weekly adjuvant whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Patients and Methods A total of 291 patients (298 breasts) were treated with WBRT between 2007 and 2013. Patients were given 6 to 6.5 Gy in 5 weekly fractions (total dose, 32.5-30 Gy) over 5 weeks. Clinical end points were local control (LC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS), and overall survival (OS), and acute and late toxicity and cosmesis. Prognostic clinical variables were assessed with respect to DFS. Results Median follow-up was 46.5 months (range, 12-84 months). The 3- and 5-year LC rates were 99.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.4-99.9) and 98% (95% CI, 91.1-99.6). The 3- and 5-year CSS and OS were 97.7% (95% CI, 94.5-99.1), 95.3% (95% CI, 90.5-97.7), 94.4% (95% CI, 90.4-96.7), and 83.6% (95% CI, 76.1-88.9), respectively. Maximum detected acute skin toxicity was Grade (G) 0 in 71.8% of patients, G1 in 22.6%, G2 in 4.8%, G3 in 1%, and G4 in 0.3%. Treatment interruption occurred in 2 patients because of severe skin reactions. Late skin toxicity consisted of G1 fibrosis in 31.5% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 3.5%. Grade 1 edema was observed in 7% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 1.4%. G1 telangiectasia occurred in 1.8% and G3 in 0.7%. G1 hyperpigmentation was found in 4.6% of patients, G2 in 2.4%, and G1 atrophy was detected in 2.1%. Pain was observed as G1 in 13%, G2 in 1.8%, and G3 in 0.4%. Cosmetic results were good to excellent in 86.4% and fair to poor in 13.6%. Conclusion Once-weekly hypofractionated WBRT (30-32-5 Gy in 5 fractions), delivered with standard tangential fields with the patient in the supine position seems feasible and effective for a selected population of primarily old breast cancer patients with predominantly low-risk features. This schedule might allow fragile patients to receive adjuvant WBRT after BCS, increasing radiotherapy accessibility and utilization.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively report clinical outcomes on a consecutive series of older early breast cancer patients treated with once-weekly adjuvant whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 291 patients (298 breasts) were treated with WBRT between 2007 and 2013. Patients were given 6 to 6.5 Gy in 5 weekly fractions (total dose, 32.5-30 Gy) over 5 weeks. Clinical end points were local control (LC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS), and overall survival (OS), and acute and late toxicity and cosmesis. Prognostic clinical variables were assessed with respect to DFS. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 46.5 months (range, 12-84 months). The 3- and 5-year LC rates were 99.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.4-99.9) and 98% (95% CI, 91.1-99.6). The 3- and 5-year CSS and OS were 97.7% (95% CI, 94.5-99.1), 95.3% (95% CI, 90.5-97.7), 94.4% (95% CI, 90.4-96.7), and 83.6% (95% CI, 76.1-88.9), respectively. Maximum detected acute skin toxicity was Grade (G) 0 in 71.8% of patients, G1 in 22.6%, G2 in 4.8%, G3 in 1%, and G4 in 0.3%. Treatment interruption occurred in 2 patients because of severe skin reactions. Late skin toxicity consisted of G1 fibrosis in 31.5% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 3.5%. Grade 1 edema was observed in 7% of patients, G2 in 4.2%, and G3 in 1.4%. G1 telangiectasia occurred in 1.8% and G3 in 0.7%. G1 hyperpigmentation was found in 4.6% of patients, G2 in 2.4%, and G1 atrophy was detected in 2.1%. Pain was observed as G1 in 13%, G2 in 1.8%, and G3 in 0.4%. Cosmetic results were good to excellent in 86.4% and fair to poor in 13.6%. CONCLUSION: Once-weekly hypofractionated WBRT (30-32-5 Gy in 5 fractions), delivered with standard tangential fields with the patient in the supine position seems feasible and effective for a selected population of primarily old breast cancer patients with predominantly low-risk features. This schedule might allow fragile patients to receive adjuvant WBRT after BCS, increasing radiotherapy accessibility and utilization.
Breast cancer; Cosmesis; Elderly; Skin toxicity; Weekly radiation;
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
ago-2015
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