Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDHs) are NAD(P)H-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) known for their exceptional stereo- and regioselectivity when acting on natural substrates, including neutral steroids, bile acids, and various steroid derivatives. Notably, in recent studies this specific subfamily of oxidoreductases has displayed intriguing substrate promiscuity, exhibiting the capacity to accommodate a diverse array of substrates, such as sterically hindered ketones and even α-keto esters. Herein, the promiscuous nature of HSDHs was further explored by investigating their catalytic activity with representative 1,2-diketones. This set encompasses symmetric aliphatic/aromatic diketones – namely, 3,4-hexandione and benzil – as well as the asymmetric synthon 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione. In the case of 3,4-hexandione, substrate conversion and selectivity closely resembled that previously observed with aliphatic α-keto esters. On the contrary, a more heterogeneous behavior was observed in the case of aromatic substrates, with diverse performances in terms of conversions and stereo- or regioselectivity. Additionally, docking studies were carried out to get a deeper insight in the stereochemistry of 1,2-diketones reduction catalyzed by the broad substrate scope and steroid-active ketoreductase Is2-SDR.

Promiscuity and Selectivity of Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases in the Biocatalyzed Reduction of 1,2‐Diketones / C. Tognoli, S. Bertuletti, S. Patti, E. Elisa Ferrandi, M. Vanoni, S. Riva, I. Bassanini, D. Monti. - In: CHEMCATCHEM. - ISSN 1867-3880. - (2023), pp. e202301167.1-e202301167.9. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1002/cctc.202301167]

Promiscuity and Selectivity of Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases in the Biocatalyzed Reduction of 1,2‐Diketones

C. Tognoli
Primo
;
S. Bertuletti
Secondo
;
S. Patti;I. Bassanini
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDHs) are NAD(P)H-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) known for their exceptional stereo- and regioselectivity when acting on natural substrates, including neutral steroids, bile acids, and various steroid derivatives. Notably, in recent studies this specific subfamily of oxidoreductases has displayed intriguing substrate promiscuity, exhibiting the capacity to accommodate a diverse array of substrates, such as sterically hindered ketones and even α-keto esters. Herein, the promiscuous nature of HSDHs was further explored by investigating their catalytic activity with representative 1,2-diketones. This set encompasses symmetric aliphatic/aromatic diketones – namely, 3,4-hexandione and benzil – as well as the asymmetric synthon 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione. In the case of 3,4-hexandione, substrate conversion and selectivity closely resembled that previously observed with aliphatic α-keto esters. On the contrary, a more heterogeneous behavior was observed in the case of aromatic substrates, with diverse performances in terms of conversions and stereo- or regioselectivity. Additionally, docking studies were carried out to get a deeper insight in the stereochemistry of 1,2-diketones reduction catalyzed by the broad substrate scope and steroid-active ketoreductase Is2-SDR.
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
2023
18-ott-2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1018512
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