In the face of the complexities of problem-solving , experts are gaining centrality in policymaking (Weiss, 1979). At the same time, they are increasingly challenged in their legitimacy, which is not only technical but also political. Challenges to the legitimacy of experts suggest that other types of legitimacy are important for policymaking. Issues of legitimacy are particularly important for sound policymaking when the authority of experts and the value of evidence are contested and when the debate over policy solutions is particularly conflictual and ideological. In this paper, I use three exploratory cases of the use of expertise in education policy in Italy to show how policymakers design different advisory committees to enhance different types of legitimacy (epistemic, bureaucratic, and political). The findings suggest that while policymakers design advisory committees primarily to meet their legitimacy needs, the legitimacy of a decision requires different types of sources to generate consent and to allow for the impact of expertise.

Expert legitimacy and competing legitimation in Italian school reforms / M.T. Galanti. - In: POLICY & SOCIETY. - ISSN 1449-4035. - 42:3(2023), pp. 288-302. [10.1093/polsoc/puad024]

Expert legitimacy and competing legitimation in Italian school reforms

M.T. Galanti
Primo
2023

Abstract

In the face of the complexities of problem-solving , experts are gaining centrality in policymaking (Weiss, 1979). At the same time, they are increasingly challenged in their legitimacy, which is not only technical but also political. Challenges to the legitimacy of experts suggest that other types of legitimacy are important for policymaking. Issues of legitimacy are particularly important for sound policymaking when the authority of experts and the value of evidence are contested and when the debate over policy solutions is particularly conflictual and ideological. In this paper, I use three exploratory cases of the use of expertise in education policy in Italy to show how policymakers design different advisory committees to enhance different types of legitimacy (epistemic, bureaucratic, and political). The findings suggest that while policymakers design advisory committees primarily to meet their legitimacy needs, the legitimacy of a decision requires different types of sources to generate consent and to allow for the impact of expertise.
expert legitimacy; scientific advisory committees; hybrid advisory committees; temporary advisory bodies; education policies;
Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica
   Does policy advice really matter in designing policies in Italy? Structures, flows and effects of policy analysis capacity
   MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE E DEL MERITO
   2017WMW433_002
2023
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
galanti 2023_expert legitimacy school.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Original Research Article
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 337.02 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
337.02 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1018049
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact