We investigate the non-equilibrium fluctuations occurring during free diffusion between two solutions of glycerol and water with various concentration differences. The non-linearity of the system, determined by the strong stratification of the sample, requires introducing an interpretation model able to characterize the dependence of the correlation properties of the non-equilibrium fluctuations on the local thermophysical variables of the system. The proposed model allows us to characterize the dynamics of non-equilibrium fluctuations in the presence of a wide range of relaxation times determined by the strong stratification of the sample, at variance with the cumulant methods commonly used in dynamic light scattering experiments, which work well in the presence of a moderate dispersion of relaxation times.

Dynamics of non-equilibrium concentration fluctuations during free-diffusion in highly stratified solutions of glycerol and water / S. Castellini, M. Carpineti, C. Giraudet, F. Croccolo, A. Vailati. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0021-9606. - 158:24(2023 Jun 28), pp. 244201.1-244201.14. [10.1063/5.0151752]

Dynamics of non-equilibrium concentration fluctuations during free-diffusion in highly stratified solutions of glycerol and water

S. Castellini
Primo
;
M. Carpineti
Secondo
;
A. Vailati
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

We investigate the non-equilibrium fluctuations occurring during free diffusion between two solutions of glycerol and water with various concentration differences. The non-linearity of the system, determined by the strong stratification of the sample, requires introducing an interpretation model able to characterize the dependence of the correlation properties of the non-equilibrium fluctuations on the local thermophysical variables of the system. The proposed model allows us to characterize the dynamics of non-equilibrium fluctuations in the presence of a wide range of relaxation times determined by the strong stratification of the sample, at variance with the cumulant methods commonly used in dynamic light scattering experiments, which work well in the presence of a moderate dispersion of relaxation times.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
   Technologies for Non-Equilibrium Systems (TechNES)
   TechNES
   ESA - EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY
   4000128933/19/NL/PG
28-giu-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1015933
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