Background: Meeting the challenge of antiretroviral therapy (ART) whose efficacy can last a lifetime requires continuous updating of the virological, pharmacological, and quality of life outcomes to be pursued and a continuous review of literature data on the efficacy and tolerability of new drugs and therapeutic strategies. Methods: With the aim of identifying open questions and answers about the current controversies in modern ART, we adapted the Design Thinking methodology to the needs of the design phase of a scientific article, involving a team of experts in HIV care. Results: Five main pillars of treatment success were discussed: sustained virologic suppression over time; immunological recovery; pharmacological attributes; long-term tolerability and safety of ART; and people's satisfaction and quality of life. The definition of the outcomes to be achieved in each thematic area and the tools to achieve them were reviewed and discussed. Conclusions: Long-term treatment success should be intended as a combination of HIV-RNA suppression, immune recovery, and high quality of life. To achieve this, the regimen should be well-tolerated, with high potency, genetic barrier, and forgiveness, and should be tailored by a person-centered perspective, based on individual needs, preferences, and therapeutic history.

Pillars of long-term antiretroviral therapy success / L. Taramasso, M. Andreoni, A. Antinori, A. Bandera, P. Bonfanti, S. Bonora, M. Borderi, A. Castagna, A.M. Cattelan, B.M. Celesia, S. Cicalini, A. Cingolani, A. Cossarizza, A. D'Arminio Monforte, G. D'Ettorre, A. Di Biagio, S. Di Giambenedetto, G. Di Perri, V. Esposito, E. Focà, C. Gervasoni, A. Gori, N. Gianotti, G. Guaraldi, R. Gulminetti, S. Lo Caputo, G. Madeddu, P. Maggi, G. Marandola, G.C. Marchetti, C.M. Mastroianni, C. Mussini, C.F. Perno, G. Rizzardini, S. Rusconi, M. Santoro, L. Sarmati, M. Zazzi, F. Maggiolo. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1096-1186. - 196:(2023 Oct), pp. 106898.1-106898.15. [10.1016/j.phrs.2023.106898]

Pillars of long-term antiretroviral therapy success

L. Taramasso
;
A. Bandera;A. D'Arminio Monforte;A. Gori;G.C. Marchetti;C.F. Perno;S. Rusconi;
2023

Abstract

Background: Meeting the challenge of antiretroviral therapy (ART) whose efficacy can last a lifetime requires continuous updating of the virological, pharmacological, and quality of life outcomes to be pursued and a continuous review of literature data on the efficacy and tolerability of new drugs and therapeutic strategies. Methods: With the aim of identifying open questions and answers about the current controversies in modern ART, we adapted the Design Thinking methodology to the needs of the design phase of a scientific article, involving a team of experts in HIV care. Results: Five main pillars of treatment success were discussed: sustained virologic suppression over time; immunological recovery; pharmacological attributes; long-term tolerability and safety of ART; and people's satisfaction and quality of life. The definition of the outcomes to be achieved in each thematic area and the tools to achieve them were reviewed and discussed. Conclusions: Long-term treatment success should be intended as a combination of HIV-RNA suppression, immune recovery, and high quality of life. To achieve this, the regimen should be well-tolerated, with high potency, genetic barrier, and forgiveness, and should be tailored by a person-centered perspective, based on individual needs, preferences, and therapeutic history.
Antiretroviral therapy; Immunological recovery; Pharmacological attributes; Quality of life; Safety; Virologic suppression
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
ott-2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1015051
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