The application of pharmacogenetics in oncology is part of the routine clinical practice. In particular, genotyping of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) is crucial to manage the treatment of patients taking fluoropyrimidines and irinotecan. The unique approach of our laboratory to the pharmacogenetic diagnostic service in oncology is to combine two real-time PCR methods, LightSNiP assay (TIB MOLBIOL), and more recently FRET (Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer) probes technology (Nuclear Laser Medicine), plus TaqMan assay (Thermo Fisher) for the confirmation of the presence of variant alleles on DNA from a second extraction. We found that both the FRET and LightSNiP assays, where detection occurs by melting curve analysis, offer an advantage over the competing TaqMan technology. Whereas unexpected genetic variants may be missed using a mutation-specific TaqMan assay, the information thus obtained can be useful to adjust the therapy in case of unexpected post-treatment toxicity. The combination of TaqMan and FRET assays helped us to achieve more accurate genotyping and a correct result for the patient. The added value of the DPYD FRET assay is the possibility of detecting, with the same amplification profile of the polymorphisms detailed in the guidelines, also the c.2194G>A (*6 rs1801160), cited in the recommendations as a variant to be investigated in case of severe toxicity. Regarding the UGT1A1 (TA)n promoter polymorphism (rs3064744), the distinctive and positive feature of the FRET assay is to allow clearly identifying all those potential variant alleles, including the (TA)5 and (TA)8 alleles, that are frequent in African Americans. Our clinical practice emphasizes the importance of not only rapid and easy-to-use assays, such as the new FRET ones, but also of accurate and comprehensive genotyping for good pharmacogenetic diagnostic activity.

Pharmacogenetic Practice of Anticancer Drugs: Multiple Approaches for an Accurate and Comprehensive Genotyping / C. Montrasio, S. Cheli, E. Clementi. - In: PHARMACOGENOMICS AND PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 1178-7066. - 16:(2023), pp. 739-746. [10.2147/PGPM.S412430]

Pharmacogenetic Practice of Anticancer Drugs: Multiple Approaches for an Accurate and Comprehensive Genotyping

S. Cheli;E. Clementi
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The application of pharmacogenetics in oncology is part of the routine clinical practice. In particular, genotyping of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) is crucial to manage the treatment of patients taking fluoropyrimidines and irinotecan. The unique approach of our laboratory to the pharmacogenetic diagnostic service in oncology is to combine two real-time PCR methods, LightSNiP assay (TIB MOLBIOL), and more recently FRET (Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer) probes technology (Nuclear Laser Medicine), plus TaqMan assay (Thermo Fisher) for the confirmation of the presence of variant alleles on DNA from a second extraction. We found that both the FRET and LightSNiP assays, where detection occurs by melting curve analysis, offer an advantage over the competing TaqMan technology. Whereas unexpected genetic variants may be missed using a mutation-specific TaqMan assay, the information thus obtained can be useful to adjust the therapy in case of unexpected post-treatment toxicity. The combination of TaqMan and FRET assays helped us to achieve more accurate genotyping and a correct result for the patient. The added value of the DPYD FRET assay is the possibility of detecting, with the same amplification profile of the polymorphisms detailed in the guidelines, also the c.2194G>A (*6 rs1801160), cited in the recommendations as a variant to be investigated in case of severe toxicity. Regarding the UGT1A1 (TA)n promoter polymorphism (rs3064744), the distinctive and positive feature of the FRET assay is to allow clearly identifying all those potential variant alleles, including the (TA)5 and (TA)8 alleles, that are frequent in African Americans. Our clinical practice emphasizes the importance of not only rapid and easy-to-use assays, such as the new FRET ones, but also of accurate and comprehensive genotyping for good pharmacogenetic diagnostic activity.
DPYD; UGT1A1; melting curve analysis; pharmacogenetics; real-time PCR
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
2023
27-lug-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1013268
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