Purpose Acceleration phases require additional mechanical and metabolic power, over and above that for running at constant velocity. The present study is devoted to a paradigmatic example: the 100-m dash, in which case the forward acceleration is very high initially and decreases progressively to become negligible during the central and final phases.Methods The mechanical (P-ext) and metabolic (P-met) power were analysed for both Bolt's extant world record and for medium level sprinters.Results In the case of Bolt, P-ext and P-met attain peaks of approximate to 35 and approximate to 140 W kg(-1) after approximate to 1 s, when the velocity is approximate to 5.5 m s(-1); they decrease substantially thereafter, to attain constant values equal to those required for running at constant speed (approximate to 18 and approximate to 65 W kg(-1)) after approximate to 6 s, when the velocity has reached its maximum (approximate to 12 m s(-1)) and the acceleration is nil. At variance with P-ext, the power required to move the limbs in respect to the centre of mass (internal power, P-int) increases gradually to reach, after approximate to 6 s a constant value of approximate to 33 W kg(-1). As a consequence, P-tot (= P-ext + P-int) increases throughout the run to a constant value of approximate to 50 W kg(-1). In the case of the medium level sprinters, the general patterns of speed, mechanical and metabolic power, neglecting the corresponding absolute values, follow an essentially equal trend.Conclusion Hence, whereas in the last part of the run the velocity is about twice that observed after approximate to 1 s, P-ext and P-met are reduced to 45-50% of the peak values.

Mechanical and Metabolic Power in Accelerated Running? PART I: the 100-m dash / P.E. di Prampero, C. Osgnach, J.-. Morin, P. Zamparo, G. Pavei. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1439-6327. - (2023), pp. 1-9. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00421-023-05236-x]

Mechanical and Metabolic Power in Accelerated Running? PART I: the 100-m dash

G. Pavei
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Purpose Acceleration phases require additional mechanical and metabolic power, over and above that for running at constant velocity. The present study is devoted to a paradigmatic example: the 100-m dash, in which case the forward acceleration is very high initially and decreases progressively to become negligible during the central and final phases.Methods The mechanical (P-ext) and metabolic (P-met) power were analysed for both Bolt's extant world record and for medium level sprinters.Results In the case of Bolt, P-ext and P-met attain peaks of approximate to 35 and approximate to 140 W kg(-1) after approximate to 1 s, when the velocity is approximate to 5.5 m s(-1); they decrease substantially thereafter, to attain constant values equal to those required for running at constant speed (approximate to 18 and approximate to 65 W kg(-1)) after approximate to 6 s, when the velocity has reached its maximum (approximate to 12 m s(-1)) and the acceleration is nil. At variance with P-ext, the power required to move the limbs in respect to the centre of mass (internal power, P-int) increases gradually to reach, after approximate to 6 s a constant value of approximate to 33 W kg(-1). As a consequence, P-tot (= P-ext + P-int) increases throughout the run to a constant value of approximate to 50 W kg(-1). In the case of the medium level sprinters, the general patterns of speed, mechanical and metabolic power, neglecting the corresponding absolute values, follow an essentially equal trend.Conclusion Hence, whereas in the last part of the run the velocity is about twice that observed after approximate to 1 s, P-ext and P-met are reduced to 45-50% of the peak values.
Acceleration; Mechanical power; Metabolic power; Sprint;
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive
2023
10-giu-2023
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
s00421-023-05236-x1.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.2 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1011493
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact