The uptake of COVID-19 vaccines has varied considerably across European countries. This study investi-gates people's decision-making process regarding vaccination by analyzing qualitative interviews (n = 214) with residents from five European countries: Austria, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Switzerland. We identify three factors that shape vaccination decision-making: individual experiences and pre-existing attitudes towards vaccination, social environment, and socio-political context. Based on this analysis, we present a typology of decision-making regarding COVID-19 vaccines, where some types present stable stances towards vaccines and others change over time. Trust in government and rel-evant stakeholders, broader social factors, and people's direct social environment were particularly rele-vant to these dynamics. We conclude that vaccination campaigns should be considered long-term projects (also outside of pandemics) in need of regular adjustment, communication and fine-tuning to ensure public trust. This is particularly pertinent for booster vaccinations, such as COVID-19 or influenza.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

The social and socio-political embeddedness of COVID-19 vaccination decision-making: A five-country qualitative interview study from Europe / B.M. Zimmermann, K.T. Paul, E.R. Araujo, A. Buyx, S. Ferstl, A. Fiske, D. Kraus, L. Marelli, S. Mclennan, V. Porta, B. Prainsack, I.M. Radhuber, G. Saxinger. - In: VACCINE. - ISSN 1873-2518. - 41:12(2023), pp. 2084-2092. [10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.02.012]

The social and socio-political embeddedness of COVID-19 vaccination decision-making: A five-country qualitative interview study from Europe

L. Marelli;
2023

Abstract

The uptake of COVID-19 vaccines has varied considerably across European countries. This study investi-gates people's decision-making process regarding vaccination by analyzing qualitative interviews (n = 214) with residents from five European countries: Austria, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Switzerland. We identify three factors that shape vaccination decision-making: individual experiences and pre-existing attitudes towards vaccination, social environment, and socio-political context. Based on this analysis, we present a typology of decision-making regarding COVID-19 vaccines, where some types present stable stances towards vaccines and others change over time. Trust in government and rel-evant stakeholders, broader social factors, and people's direct social environment were particularly rele-vant to these dynamics. We conclude that vaccination campaigns should be considered long-term projects (also outside of pandemics) in need of regular adjustment, communication and fine-tuning to ensure public trust. This is particularly pertinent for booster vaccinations, such as COVID-19 or influenza.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Attitudes; Austria; COVID-19; Decision-making; Europe; Germany; Italy; Policy; Portugal; Switzerland; Vaccine hesitancy
Settore MED/02 - Storia della Medicina
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1011028
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