IntroductionAlthough staging of the extent of aortic stenosis (AS)-related cardiac damages is usually performed via echocardiography, this technique has considerable limitations in assessing pulmonary artery and right chamber pressures. The present hypothesis-generating study sought to explore the efficacy of a staging system of cardiac damage based on echocardiographic and invasive [right heart catheterization (RHC)] hemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). MethodsWe studied 90 symptomatic patients with severe AS in whom echocardiographic and invasive evaluation by RHC was obtained prior to TAVI. Cardiac damage stages were defined as follows: no cardiac damage (stage 0), left ventricular (LV) damage (stage 1), left atrial or mitral valve damage (stage 2), pulmonary vasculature or tricuspid valve damage (stage 3), and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction or low-flow state (stage 4). With the integrative approach using RHC, pulmonary hypertension (PH) was defined as an mPAP & GE;25 mmHg and the low-flow state corresponded to a cardiac index of 10 mmHg. ResultsDuring follow-up (median: 2.9 years), 43 patients (47.8%) died. The integrative cardiac damage staging was associated with a significant increase in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality per each increase of cardiac damage stage, whereas the outcome was similar according to the echocardiographic staging. ConclusionsA staging system of cardiac lesion based on echocardiographic and invasive hemodynamic parameters in patients with severe AS undergoing TAVI predicts mortality. Patients with pre-existing PH, & GE; moderate tricuspid regurgitation and/or RV dysfunction, and a low-flow state had a markedly increased risk of death. Further larger studies are needed to validate our findings.

A new integrative approach combining right heart catheterization and echocardiography to stage aortic stenosis-related cardiac damage / T. Viva, A. Postolache, M. Nguyen Trung, P. Danthine, H. Petitjean, V.D. Bruno, C. Martinez, M. Lempereur, M. Guazzi, S. Aghezzaf, A. Coisne, C. Oury, R. Dulgheru, P. Lancellotti. - In: FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 2297-055X. - 10:(2023), pp. 1184308.1-1184308.11. [Epub ahead of print] [10.3389/fcvm.2023.1184308]

A new integrative approach combining right heart catheterization and echocardiography to stage aortic stenosis-related cardiac damage

M. Guazzi;
2023

Abstract

IntroductionAlthough staging of the extent of aortic stenosis (AS)-related cardiac damages is usually performed via echocardiography, this technique has considerable limitations in assessing pulmonary artery and right chamber pressures. The present hypothesis-generating study sought to explore the efficacy of a staging system of cardiac damage based on echocardiographic and invasive [right heart catheterization (RHC)] hemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). MethodsWe studied 90 symptomatic patients with severe AS in whom echocardiographic and invasive evaluation by RHC was obtained prior to TAVI. Cardiac damage stages were defined as follows: no cardiac damage (stage 0), left ventricular (LV) damage (stage 1), left atrial or mitral valve damage (stage 2), pulmonary vasculature or tricuspid valve damage (stage 3), and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction or low-flow state (stage 4). With the integrative approach using RHC, pulmonary hypertension (PH) was defined as an mPAP & GE;25 mmHg and the low-flow state corresponded to a cardiac index of 10 mmHg. ResultsDuring follow-up (median: 2.9 years), 43 patients (47.8%) died. The integrative cardiac damage staging was associated with a significant increase in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality per each increase of cardiac damage stage, whereas the outcome was similar according to the echocardiographic staging. ConclusionsA staging system of cardiac lesion based on echocardiographic and invasive hemodynamic parameters in patients with severe AS undergoing TAVI predicts mortality. Patients with pre-existing PH, & GE; moderate tricuspid regurgitation and/or RV dysfunction, and a low-flow state had a markedly increased risk of death. Further larger studies are needed to validate our findings.
TAVR; aortic stenosis; echocardiography; right heart catheterization; staging
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1007568
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