BACKGROUND & AIMS: In this STARDUST substudy, the effect of ustekinumab on transmural bowel inflammation was assessed in adults with moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease (CD) by using intestinal ultrasound (IUS), a noninvasive imaging procedure.METHODS: STARDUST was an international, multicenter, phase 3b, interventional, randomized controlled trial specifically designed to compare treat-to-target and standard-of-care treatment strategies in ustekinumab-treated CD patients. In this substudy, the most affected bowel segment at baseline by IUS was used for all analyses. Key IUS endpoints (centrally read, parameter-blinded) were IUS response, transmural remission, bowel wall thickness (BWT), blood flow, bowel wall stratification, and inflammatory fat.RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were evaluated. IUS response could be determined 4 weeks after treatment initiation, with progressive improvement through week 48. IUS response and transmural remission rates at week 48 were 46.3% and 24.1%, respectively. IUS response, transmural remission, BWT, and blood flow normalization rates were more pronounced in the colon and biologic-naive patients. Fair/moderate reliability (kappa = 0.21-0.51) was observed between week 4 IUS response and week 48 overall endoscopic response and fecal calprotectin/complete biomarker outcomes. Endoscopy and IUS baseline agreement was >90% in determining the terminal ileum as the most affected bowel segment. IUS response absence at week 4 was associated with no endoscopic response (based on the simplified endoscopic score for Crohn's disease terminal ileum subscore) at week 48 (negative predictive value = 73%).CONCLUSIONS: In this first international, multicenter, interventional study, IUS showed that ustekinumab-treated CD patients achieved progressive IUS response (46.3%) and transmural remission (24.1%) through week 48, with a more robust response in the colon and biologic-naive patients.

Early Ultrasound Response and Progressive Transmural Remission After Treatment With Ustekinumab in Crohn's Disease / T. Kucharzik, R. Wilkens, M. D'Agostino, G. Maconi, M. Le Bars, M. Lahaye, I. Bravatà, M. Nazar, L. Ni, E. Ercole, M. Allocca, N. Machková, F.A.E. de Voogd, C. Palmela, R. Vaughan, C. Maaser. - In: CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 1542-3565. - 21:1(2023 Jan), pp. 153-163. [10.1016/j.cgh.2022.05.055]

Early Ultrasound Response and Progressive Transmural Remission After Treatment With Ustekinumab in Crohn's Disease

G. Maconi;
2023

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In this STARDUST substudy, the effect of ustekinumab on transmural bowel inflammation was assessed in adults with moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease (CD) by using intestinal ultrasound (IUS), a noninvasive imaging procedure.METHODS: STARDUST was an international, multicenter, phase 3b, interventional, randomized controlled trial specifically designed to compare treat-to-target and standard-of-care treatment strategies in ustekinumab-treated CD patients. In this substudy, the most affected bowel segment at baseline by IUS was used for all analyses. Key IUS endpoints (centrally read, parameter-blinded) were IUS response, transmural remission, bowel wall thickness (BWT), blood flow, bowel wall stratification, and inflammatory fat.RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were evaluated. IUS response could be determined 4 weeks after treatment initiation, with progressive improvement through week 48. IUS response and transmural remission rates at week 48 were 46.3% and 24.1%, respectively. IUS response, transmural remission, BWT, and blood flow normalization rates were more pronounced in the colon and biologic-naive patients. Fair/moderate reliability (kappa = 0.21-0.51) was observed between week 4 IUS response and week 48 overall endoscopic response and fecal calprotectin/complete biomarker outcomes. Endoscopy and IUS baseline agreement was >90% in determining the terminal ileum as the most affected bowel segment. IUS response absence at week 4 was associated with no endoscopic response (based on the simplified endoscopic score for Crohn's disease terminal ileum subscore) at week 48 (negative predictive value = 73%).CONCLUSIONS: In this first international, multicenter, interventional study, IUS showed that ustekinumab-treated CD patients achieved progressive IUS response (46.3%) and transmural remission (24.1%) through week 48, with a more robust response in the colon and biologic-naive patients.
Crohn’s Disease; Intestinal Ultrasound; STARDUST; Transmural Remission;
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
gen-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1005673
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