Exercise has undisputable benefits and is an important therapy component for most cardiovascular diseases, with a proven role in reducing mortality. On the contrary, exercise may paradoxically trigger sudden cardiac arrest in patients with cardiomyopathies requiring refrain from competitive sports participation. The 2020 European guidelines for patients with cardiovascular disease provided indication for sports participation for patients with cardiac conditions, including cardiomyopathies. Although in some cases, the knowledge of the natural history of the disease and the risk of death during intensive exercise is more robust, in others, the evidence is scarce. Therefore, recommendations are not available for all possible scenarios with several uncertainties. In addition, many patients aspire to continue competitive sports or practise recreational activities after a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy. These aspects generate concern for the physician, who should make complex decisions, and confronts the request to design specific exercise programmes without specific indications. This article will review the available evidence on the sports-related risk of sudden cardiac death or cardiovascular events and the progression of the disease in cardiomyopathies.

Sport activity in patients with cardiomyopathies: A review / D. Andreini, B. Bauce, G. Limongelli, S. Monosilio, F. Di Lorenzo, F. Angelini, E. Melotti, E. Monda, R. Mango, E. Toso, V. Maestrini. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1558-2027. - 24:Suppl 2(2023), pp. e116-e127. [10.2459/JCM.0000000000001470]

Sport activity in patients with cardiomyopathies: A review

D. Andreini
Primo
;
2023

Abstract

Exercise has undisputable benefits and is an important therapy component for most cardiovascular diseases, with a proven role in reducing mortality. On the contrary, exercise may paradoxically trigger sudden cardiac arrest in patients with cardiomyopathies requiring refrain from competitive sports participation. The 2020 European guidelines for patients with cardiovascular disease provided indication for sports participation for patients with cardiac conditions, including cardiomyopathies. Although in some cases, the knowledge of the natural history of the disease and the risk of death during intensive exercise is more robust, in others, the evidence is scarce. Therefore, recommendations are not available for all possible scenarios with several uncertainties. In addition, many patients aspire to continue competitive sports or practise recreational activities after a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy. These aspects generate concern for the physician, who should make complex decisions, and confronts the request to design specific exercise programmes without specific indications. This article will review the available evidence on the sports-related risk of sudden cardiac death or cardiovascular events and the progression of the disease in cardiomyopathies.
arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy; cardiomyopathies; dilated cardiomyopathy; exercise; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; left ventricular noncompaction
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
2023
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
sport_activity_in_patients_with_cardiomyopathies_.4.pdf

accesso riservato

Descrizione: Article
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 862.44 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
862.44 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1002190
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact