This study is aimed at investigating crystals (calcium and magnesium phosphates) formed due the interaction of an inorganic conservation treatment (diammonium hydrogen phosphate-DAP) with carbonatic (calcitic and dolomitic) stones through micro-Raman Spectroscopy. The addressed questions concern (i) the identification of magnesium and calcium phosphate minerals crystallized within dolomitic stone samples with a different degree of conservation state and treated with two different DAP solution molarities and (ii) the distinction of complex calcium phosphate mixtures (hydroxyapatite-HAP and octa calcium phosphate-OCP) crystallized within a calcarenite stone treated with DAP. A statistically relevant number of Raman spectra have been acquired in sample cross sections and curve fitting analysis has been performed for the in-depth interpretation of data. The outcomes indicate that Raman Spectroscopy is an effective alternative method for the identification of poorly crystalline calcium phosphates (not easily detectable with X-ray diffraction), even when scarcely present in mixture with magnesium phosphates. Evidence of the Raman analytical capability and high potential to distinguish HAP and OCP in calcitic stones are also presented and discussed.

Investigation of Calcium and Magnesium Phosphate Crystals in Stones Treated with Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate Conservation Product: Potential of Micro-Raman Spectroscopy / C. Conti, L. Cutard, A. Botteon, L. Brambilla, N. Marinoni, M. Realini, M. Catrambone, E. Possenti, C. Colombo. - In: CRYSTALS. - ISSN 2073-4352. - 13:8(2023), pp. 1212.1-1212.11. [10.3390/cryst13081212]

Investigation of Calcium and Magnesium Phosphate Crystals in Stones Treated with Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate Conservation Product: Potential of Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

N. Marinoni;E. Possenti;
2023

Abstract

This study is aimed at investigating crystals (calcium and magnesium phosphates) formed due the interaction of an inorganic conservation treatment (diammonium hydrogen phosphate-DAP) with carbonatic (calcitic and dolomitic) stones through micro-Raman Spectroscopy. The addressed questions concern (i) the identification of magnesium and calcium phosphate minerals crystallized within dolomitic stone samples with a different degree of conservation state and treated with two different DAP solution molarities and (ii) the distinction of complex calcium phosphate mixtures (hydroxyapatite-HAP and octa calcium phosphate-OCP) crystallized within a calcarenite stone treated with DAP. A statistically relevant number of Raman spectra have been acquired in sample cross sections and curve fitting analysis has been performed for the in-depth interpretation of data. The outcomes indicate that Raman Spectroscopy is an effective alternative method for the identification of poorly crystalline calcium phosphates (not easily detectable with X-ray diffraction), even when scarcely present in mixture with magnesium phosphates. Evidence of the Raman analytical capability and high potential to distinguish HAP and OCP in calcitic stones are also presented and discussed.
diammonium hydrogen phosphate; Raman Spectroscopy; dolomite; calcite; calcium phosphate; struvite; conservation treatment
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1001829
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