Exercise-induced mitral regurgitation (Ex-MR) is one of the mechanisms that contribute to reduced functional capacity in heart failure (HF). Its prevalence is not well defined across different HF subtypes. The aim of the present study was to describe functional phenotypes and cardiac response to exercise in HFrEF, HFmrEF, and HFpEF, according to Ex-MR prevalence. A total of 218 patients with HF [146 men, 68 (59-78) yr], 137 HFrEF, 41 HFmrEF, 40 HFpEF, and 23 controls were tested with cardiopulmonary exercise test combined with exercise echocardiography. Ex-MR was defined as development of at least moderate (≥2+/4+) regurgitation during exercise. Ex-MR was highly prevalent in the overall population (52%) although differed in the subgroups as follows: 82/137 (60%) in HFrEF, 17/41 (41%) in HFmrEF, and 14/40 (35%) in HFpEF (P < 0.05). Ex-MR was associated with a high rate of ventilation (VE) to carbon dioxide production (VCO2) in all HF subtypes [31.2 (26.6-35.6) vs. 33.4 (29.6-40.5), P = 0.004; 28.1 (24.5-31.9) vs. 34.4 (28.2-36.7), P = 0.01; 28.8 (26.6-32.4) vs. 32.2 (29.2-36.7), P = 0.01] and with lower peak VO2 in HFrEF and HFmrEF. Exercise right ventricle to pulmonary circulation (RV-PC) uncoupling was observed in HFrEF and HFpEF patients with Ex-MR [peak TAPSE/SPAP: HFrEF 0.40 (0.30-0.57) vs. 0.29 (0.23-0.39), P = 0.006; HFpEF 0.44 (0.28-0.62) vs. 0.31 (0.27-0.33), P = 0.05]. HFpEF with Ex-MR showed a distinct phenotype characterized by better chronotropic reserve and peripheral O2 extraction.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Ex-MR is a common mechanism across the spectrum of HF subtypes and combines with ventilatory inefficiency and RV-PC uncoupling. Interestingly, in HFpEF, Ex-MR emerged as unexpectedly prevalent and peculiarly associated with increased chronotropic response and peripheral O2 extraction as potential adaptive mechanisms to backward flow redistribution.

Exercise-induced mitral regurgitation and right ventricle to pulmonary circulation uncoupling across the heart failure phenotypes / F. Bandera, M. Barletta, M. Fontana, S. Boveri, G. Ghizzardi, E. Alfonzetti, F. Ambrogi, M. Guazzi. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1522-1539. - 320:2(2021 Feb), pp. H642-H653. [10.1152/ajpheart.00507.2020]

Exercise-induced mitral regurgitation and right ventricle to pulmonary circulation uncoupling across the heart failure phenotypes

F. Bandera
;
M. Barletta;F. Ambrogi;M. Guazzi
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Exercise-induced mitral regurgitation (Ex-MR) is one of the mechanisms that contribute to reduced functional capacity in heart failure (HF). Its prevalence is not well defined across different HF subtypes. The aim of the present study was to describe functional phenotypes and cardiac response to exercise in HFrEF, HFmrEF, and HFpEF, according to Ex-MR prevalence. A total of 218 patients with HF [146 men, 68 (59-78) yr], 137 HFrEF, 41 HFmrEF, 40 HFpEF, and 23 controls were tested with cardiopulmonary exercise test combined with exercise echocardiography. Ex-MR was defined as development of at least moderate (≥2+/4+) regurgitation during exercise. Ex-MR was highly prevalent in the overall population (52%) although differed in the subgroups as follows: 82/137 (60%) in HFrEF, 17/41 (41%) in HFmrEF, and 14/40 (35%) in HFpEF (P < 0.05). Ex-MR was associated with a high rate of ventilation (VE) to carbon dioxide production (VCO2) in all HF subtypes [31.2 (26.6-35.6) vs. 33.4 (29.6-40.5), P = 0.004; 28.1 (24.5-31.9) vs. 34.4 (28.2-36.7), P = 0.01; 28.8 (26.6-32.4) vs. 32.2 (29.2-36.7), P = 0.01] and with lower peak VO2 in HFrEF and HFmrEF. Exercise right ventricle to pulmonary circulation (RV-PC) uncoupling was observed in HFrEF and HFpEF patients with Ex-MR [peak TAPSE/SPAP: HFrEF 0.40 (0.30-0.57) vs. 0.29 (0.23-0.39), P = 0.006; HFpEF 0.44 (0.28-0.62) vs. 0.31 (0.27-0.33), P = 0.05]. HFpEF with Ex-MR showed a distinct phenotype characterized by better chronotropic reserve and peripheral O2 extraction.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Ex-MR is a common mechanism across the spectrum of HF subtypes and combines with ventilatory inefficiency and RV-PC uncoupling. Interestingly, in HFpEF, Ex-MR emerged as unexpectedly prevalent and peculiarly associated with increased chronotropic response and peripheral O2 extraction as potential adaptive mechanisms to backward flow redistribution.
echocardiography; HFpEF; mitral regurgitation; pulmonary hypertension; right ventricle; Aged; Echocardiography, Doppler, Color; Echocardiography, Stress; Exercise Test; Female; Heart Failure; Humans; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Mitral Valve; Mitral Valve Insufficiency; Phenotype; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Exercise; Hemodynamics; Pulmonary Circulation; Ventricular Function, Right
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ajpheart.00507.2020.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 2.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.14 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/858960
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact